The Affect Program Theory of Emotions
The chapter develops a taxonomy of emotions and other affects and introduces and defends a version of the affect program theory. A general and primitive notion of affect as a motivational state is introduced. Affects are defined as real, occurrent states, functionally identified, and not well characterized by such bivalent features as positive/negative. Some of the states typically called “emotions,” such as fear and anger, are found to be special kinds of affects, characterized primarily by the actions they cause or are associated with. These basic emotions are explained by a version of the affect program theory that takes many emotions to be evolved from action programs.
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