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Transformation of the Welfare StateThe Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility$
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Neil Gilbert

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195140743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0195140745.001.0001

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Citizenship to Membership

Citizenship to Membership

(p.157) 6 Citizenship to Membership
Transformation of the Welfare State

Neil Gilbert (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The concept of social solidarity, and the two competing views on its source (Marshall's, which suggests that it stems from the social rights of citizenship; and Durkheim's , which suggests that it stems from intellectual and moral homogeneity, and is advanced through voluntary association) are discussed. The profound implications that these two different views have for the relation between social solidarity and the welfare state are outlined, and the situation in the transition to an enabling state (where there is a contraction of the social rights of citizenship) is discussed, including the possible conflicts between different community groups that may (and do) arise. The last part of the chapter addresses the possibility of shareholding as an alternative foundation for social solidarity to citizenship rights.

Keywords:   citizenship, conflict, Durkheim, Marshall, shareholding, social rights, social solidarity, welfare state

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