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Transformation of the Welfare StateThe Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility$
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Neil Gilbert

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195140743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0195140745.001.0001

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Protection to Inclusion

Protection to Inclusion

(p.61) 3 Protection to Inclusion
Transformation of the Welfare State

Neil Gilbert (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Over the last decade of the twentieth century, policies for social protection of the unemployed in the advanced industrial world have been reformulated from the provision of income maintenance (income support), to schemes for getting people back to work. This change has three connected rhetorical themes (a shift from passive to active policies; an emphasis on responsibilities over rights ; and a redefinition of objectives from income maintenance to social inclusion), which are discussed. An account is then given of experiences in the USA on the reform of public assistance. Next, the four most significant dimensions of policy change involved (restricting entrance and accelerating exit; the segmentation of participants; the introduction of contractual obligations; and the formulation of work‐oriented incentives and services) are discussed. The last part of the chapter discusses the legal aspects of implementation of work‐oriented policies, and the accompanying recommodification of labour.

Keywords:   change, income support, labour, responsibilities, rights, social inclusion, social policy, social protection, unemployment, USA, work

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