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Transformation of the Welfare StateThe Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility$
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Neil Gilbert

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195140743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0195140745.001.0001

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Toward the Enabling State

Toward the Enabling State

(p.32) 2 Toward the Enabling State
Transformation of the Welfare State

Neil Gilbert (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The four main factors influencing the change from a welfare to an enabling state are discussed. Two of these influences are large‐scale structural changes involving demographic trends and globalization of the economy that generate the kind of impersonal forces that drive the development of the welfare state according to the convergence theory. The other two influences stem from changing ideas and normative views on the consequences of social policies and the appropriate role of the state; these changes animate socio‐political processes that give rise to divergent types of welfare states according to the theory of distinct regimes. The rest of the chapter discusses the changes that accompany the shift from a welfare to an enabling state, and the emergence of new social accounting to accompany the emergence of the alternative framework for social protection.

Keywords:   convergence, demography, divergence, enabling state, globalization, social accounting, social protection, welfare state

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