This chapter considers competitor views concerning the existence of God, including: (a) the claim of Alvin Plantinga that God is “properly basic” and is not subject to having evidence adduced for or against the claim; (b) the claim of Richard Swinburne that the most appropriate argument for the existence of God is one that is probabilistic, with various kinds of evidence all advancing the probability that God exists. These and some other views are set aside in order to argue that epistemic claims concerning the existence of a transcendent domain need to be “naturalized,” by identifying the most impressive phenomena that both induce rational non-believers to abandon conventional naturalistic views and embrace some form of “supernaturalism,” as well as continue to provide data for which a transcendent reality appears to provide the most convincing explanation.
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