Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Defending GodBiblical Responses to the Problem of Evil$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

James L. Crenshaw

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195140026

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195140028.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 October 2019

Punishment for Sin

Punishment for Sin

Blaming the Victim

(p.117) 7 Punishment for Sin
Defending God

James L. Crenshaw

Oxford University Press

Belief in individual reward and retribution was subscribed to by every segment of the population in the ancient world. Not surprisingly, it became the dominant theodicy, expressed quite simply in language familiar to one and all: “Whoever sows iniquity will reap a harvest of trouble.” Reasoning from faring ill to doing ill, all four of Job’s friends accuse him of wickedness, even though readers know that both God and the narrator have vouched for his integrity. Like Job’s attackers, the author of Psalm 37 attests the rigidity of this dogma when claiming never to have seen the righteous forsaken or impoverished, as does Israelite historiography and liturgical prayer from the period of the second temple. Jesus’ rejection of this view in John 9:7 stands alongside his acceptance of the concept of reward and punishment elsewhere.

Keywords:   reward, retribution, ancient, theodicy, sow, reap, integrity, Psalms, historiography, liturgy

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .