The Bible lays itself open to charges of divine injustice in the way it treats election, divine zeal, and prolonged inaction while evil blossoms and bears fruit, the dark side of God, divine pathos, and monotheism. Theodicy was therefore inevitable, although profoundly problematic. Neither the abandoning of the quest through an atheistic viewpoint nor spreading the blame to many gods or a demon gave much solace. The effort to define God so that the problem of evil would vanish came at the expense of a viable concept of deity, for it postulates a weak, ignorant, and vulnerable God. Shifting the blame to humans heightened the mystery surrounding theodicy, even when entrusting them with a noble task of working to establish justice in the absence of divine success in that endeavor.
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