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Defending God – Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

James L. Crenshaw


The existence of evil has given rise to perplexed questioning of divine justice from the beginning of recorded history. The present volume examines early responses to the problem of theodicy in Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Syria-Palestine as a way of assessing modern approaches to existential and religious crises. Through close readings of many texts in the Hebrew Bible and comparison with treatments in extrabiblical literature, it explores the richly diverse legacy of those who have influenced the West in so many ways. That legacy ranges from denying that a problem exists—the atheistic answer—to p ... More

Keywords: evil, justice, theodicy, mercy, discipline, retribution, atonement, ignorance, mystery, integrity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780195140026
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005 DOI:10.1093/0195140028.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

James L. Crenshaw, author
The Divinity School, Duke University

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