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Who Rides the Beast?Prophetic Rivalry and the Rhetoric of Crisis in the Churches of the Apocalypse$
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Paul B. Duff

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195138351

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019513835X.001.0001

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The Issues

The Issues

Evidence from the Letters to the Seven Churches

(p.31) 3 The Issues
Who Rides the Beast?

Paul B. Duff (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

An examination of the seven letters to the churches shows that most of the subjects raised (and certainly the most pressing ones) are internal, intra‐Christian issues. There is little evidence of Roman hostility. The internal issues seem to be focused in three of the churches that have split into factions, the churches at Ephesus, Pergamum, and Thyatira. The issues that contributed to the creation of factions include wealth, poverty, ɛιδωλόθυτα (food sacrificed to idols)σ and πορνɛία (fornication).

Keywords:   πορνɛία, ɛιδωλόθυτα, Ephesus, factions, intra‐Christian issues, Pergamum, poverty, Roman hostility, Thyatira, wealth

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