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The Origins of Biblical MonotheismIsrael's Polytheistic Background and the Ugaritic Texts$
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Mark S. Smith

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195134803

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019513480X.001.0001

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The Divine Family

The Divine Family

Chapter:
(p.54) 3 The Divine Family
Source:
The Origins of Biblical Monotheism
Author(s):

Mark S. Smith (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019513480X.003.0004

Working with the study of Ugaritic society offered by }{\charscalex68 J}{\fs26\charscalex68 .}{ D. Schloen, this chapter lays out the correspondence between the four tiers of the pantheon examined in the previous chapter and the four levels of the family household in Ugaritic society. This correspondence and the widespread attestation of familial terminology for the pantheon would point to the patrimonial household as the fundamental image that provided a conceptual unity for the wide variety of divinities and their multiple relations (the divine family). The different sections of the chapter look at the four tiers of the divine household, the royal patriarchal household as a model for the pantheon, the astral background of El’s family in Ugaritic and Israelite literature and Baal’s outsider status.

Keywords:   astral figures, Baal, divine family, El, Israelite texts, patrimonial household, religious history, royal patriarchal household, tiers of the pantheon, Ugaritic family household, Ugaritic society, Ugaritic texts

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