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The Origins of Biblical MonotheismIsrael's Polytheistic Background and the Ugaritic Texts$
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Mark S. Smith

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195134803

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019513480X.001.0001

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The Divine Council

The Divine Council

(p.41) 2 The Divine Council
The Origins of Biblical Monotheism

Mark S. Smith (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

An examination is made of the basic concept used to refer to the polity of deities, namely the divine “council” or “assembly,” studied in particular by E. T. Mullen and L.}{\charscalex149 }{K. Handy. This organization was ancient already by the time of the Late Bronze Age texts of Ugarit. Ugaritic literature develops a further conceptual coherence of divinity through the notion of the divine family. The different sections of the chapter look at the language of this divine council, the assemblies of El and Baal, the four tiers of the divine council, and the tiers of the pantheon in Israelite texts.

Keywords:   Baal, divine council, El, Israelite texts, language, religious history, structure, tiers of the divine council, tiers of the pantheon, Ugaritic texts

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