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Global Public GoodsInternational Cooperation in the 21st Century$
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Inge Kaul, Isabelle Grunberg, and Marc Stern

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130522

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195130529.001.0001

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Defining Global Public Goods

Defining Global Public Goods

Chapter:
(p.2) Defining Global Public Goods
Source:
Global Public Goods
Author(s):

Inge Kaul

Isabelle Grunberg

Marc A. Stern (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195130529.003.0001

People need both private and public goods for their well‐being. This chapter focuses on public goods, introducing the generic concept of public goods first, refining this generic definition, and identifying the distinguishing characteristics of global public goods. The main properties and distinguishing features of international public goods, including regional and global public goods can be grouped into two sets. The first is that their benefits have strong qualities of publicness – i.e., they are marked by nonrivalry in consumption and nonexcludability. These features place them in the general category of public goods. The second criterion is that their benefits are quasi universal in terms of countries (covering more than one group of countries), people (accruing to several, preferably all population groups), and generations (extending to both current and future generations, or at least meeting the needs of current generations without foreclosing development options for future generations). This property makes humanity as a whole the publicum, or beneficiary of global public goods.

Keywords:   cooperation, externalities, global public goods, international cooperation, private goods, public goods, regional public goods

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