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The Making of Sikh Scripture$
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Gurinder Singh Mann

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130249

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195130243.001.0001

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Sikhs and Their Scripture

Sikhs and Their Scripture

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 Sikhs and Their Scripture
Source:
The Making of Sikh Scripture
Author(s):

Gurinder Singh Mann

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195130243.003.0001

The historical background to the Sikh religion is outlined, and an account given of the Adi Granth (“original book”) – the primary Sikh scripture, which is considered to be the highest authority within the community, and plays a central role in Sikh devotional and ritual life. It consists of about 3,000 hymns of carefully recorded authorship with over 2,400 hymns written by the 6 Sikh gurus who lived in the Punjab between 1469 and 1675. The text of the Adi Granth is divided into three main parts: the opening section is liturgical and includes three daily prayers; the Japji (meditation) has 38 stanzas and 2 couplets; the Rahiras (supplication) has 9 hymns; and the Sohila (praise) has 5 hymns. Next, there is an account of the early Sikh community, which also discusses the origin and expansion of the scriptural text. The chapter ends with a plan of the book.

Keywords:   Adi Granth, ancient texts, history, Punjab, religious history, Sikhism

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