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The Bible in HistoryHow the Texts Have Shaped the Times$
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David W. Kling

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130089

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0195130081.001.0001

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“Upon This Rock”

“Upon This Rock”

Peter and the Papacy

(p.45) 2 “Upon This Rock”
The Bible in History

David W. Kling (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the so-called Petrine text (Matthew 16:18–19) and its place in Catholicism as a rationale for the office of the papacy. It traces the history of the text, from the early church to the present, noting its varied interpretation up through the Protestant Reformation, the hardening of the interpretive categories following the Reformation, and present-day general consensus regarding the text’s meaning.

Keywords:   papal primacy, bishop of Rome, Vatican I, Matthew 16:18, Peter in the New Testament, leadership in the church, Petrine text, Origen, Martin Luther

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