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The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology$
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Paul K. Moser

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130058

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195130057.001.0001

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Theories of Justification

Theories of Justification

Chapter:
(p.204) Chapter 6 Theories of Justification
Source:
The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology
Author(s):

Richard Fumerton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195130057.003.0007

In “Theories of Justification,” Richard Fumerton begins an overview of several prominent positions on the nature of justification by isolating epistemic justification from nonepistemic justification. He also distinguishes between “having justification for a belief” and “having a justified belief,” arguing that the former is conceptually more fundamental. Fumerton then addresses the possibility that justification is a normative matter, suggesting that this possibility has little to offer as a concept of epistemic justification. He also critically examines more specific attempts to capture the structure and content of epistemic justification. These include traditional foundationalism and variants thereof, externalist versions of foundationalism, contextualism, coherentism, and “mixed” theories which combine aspects of coherentism and foundationalism.

Keywords:   coherentism, contextualism, externalism, foundationalism, Richard Fumerton, justification, justified belief, nonepistemic justification

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