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The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology$
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Paul K. Moser

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130058

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195130057.001.0001

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Conditions and Analyses of Knowing

Conditions and Analyses of Knowing

(p.25) Chapter 1 Conditions and Analyses of Knowing
The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Robert K. Shope

Oxford University Press

In “Conditions and Analyses of Knowledge”, Robert Shope focuses on the conditions that must be satisfied for a person to have knowledge, specifically knowledge that something is so. Traditionally, knowledge has been analyzed in terms of justified true belief. Shope addresses philosophers’ disagreements concerning the truth and belief conditions. After introducing the justification condition, he presents challenges that have provoked several attempts to replace or to supplement the justification condition for knowledge. Shope presents and assesses several of these, including early causal theories, the nonaccidentality requirement, reliable process and conditional analyses, the reliable‐indicator analysis, the conclusive reasons analysis, defeasibility analyses, analyses in terms of cognitive or intellectual virtues, and proper functionalism as well as his own account of knowledge.

Keywords:   causal theories, conclusive reasons, conditions, defeasibility, functionalism, intellectual virtues, justification, knowledge, nonaccidentality, reliablism, Robert Shope

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