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The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880$
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Ann Lee Bressler

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195129861

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195129865.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 November 2019

Calvinism Improved

Calvinism Improved

Chapter:
(p.9) One Calvinism Improved
Source:
The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880
Author(s):

Ann Lee Bressler

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195129865.003.0002

At first glance, American Universalism seems to have been one of the clearest manifestations of the rational spirit of the revolutionary era, and with its bold assertion of salvation for all, the Universalist movement was shocking even in an atmosphere charged with challenges to orthodox Calvinist doctrines. In the nineteenth century, Universalists became even more closely identified with rationalistic dissent. Drawing upon eighteenth-century evangelical Calvinism on the one hand and Enlightenment liberalism on the other, Universalism emerged as an attempt to nourish piety through rational conviction. Reason, Universalists argued, dictated that a benevolent God would redeem all of creation; the doctrine of universal salvation was God’s way of influencing human affections and turning naturally self-centred human beings to the love of God and the greater creation. This chapter traces the early development of the movement and the notable figures involved.

Keywords:   American Universalism, Calvinism, communal redemption, Enlightenment liberalism, evangelical Calvinism, Hosea Ballou, Jonathan Edwards, piety, redemption, salvation, scholasticism, Unitarianism, universal salvation

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