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Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality$
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Alvin Plantinga and Matthew Davidson

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195103762

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195103769.001.0001

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World and Essence

World and Essence

Chapter:
(p.46) 2 World and Essence
Source:
Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality
Author(s):

Alvin Plantinga (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195103769.003.0003

I begin the essay by introducing the ideas of states of affairs, possible worlds, and truth in a possible world. Making use of these concepts, I argue that each object not only has some properties essentially but also has an essence. (An essence is a property that an object x has essentially and which is such that it is not possible that there be an object distinct from x that has it.) I then respond to the objection that my account suffers from the Problem of Transworld Identification. I end the essay by giving a sound modal argument for the claim that human persons are essentially immaterial.

Keywords:   essential, persons, possible worlds, property, state of affairs, Transworld Identification

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