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Plato's Ethics$
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Terence Irwin

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195086454

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0195086457.001.0001

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Republic IV: The Virtues

Republic IV: The Virtues

Chapter:
(p.223) 14 Republic IV: The Virtues
Source:
Plato's Ethics
Author(s):

Terence Irwin (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0195086457.003.0014

The mature version of Plato’s doctrine of the virtue is examined through a detailed study of the several virtues. The theory of virtues expressed in the Republic represents a definitive improvement of the position of the early dialogues. Plato does not reduce any more virtues to something else but rather considers them as ends in themselves. This change is due to the different perspective according to which the definitions of the virtue have not to be expressed in non-moral language. Moreover, a key role is played by the doctrines of the tripartition of the soul, which suggests virtue to be the condition of the soul in which each part acts properly.

Keywords:   Dialogues, Ends, Plato, Justice, Republic, Soul, Virtue, Wisdom

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