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War, Revolution, and Nation-Making in Lithuania, 1914-1923
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War, Revolution, and Nation-Making in Lithuania, 1914-1923

Tomas Balkelis


This book explores how war made the Lithuanian state and shaped society from the onset of the Great War in 1914 to the last waves of violence in 1923. As the very notion of an independent Lithuania was constructed during the war, violence became an essential part of the formation of Lithuanian state, nation, and identity. War was much more than simply the historical context in which the tectonic change from empire to nation state took place. It transformed people, policies, institutions, and modes of thought in ways that would continue to shape the nation for decades after the conflict subside ... More

Keywords: Great War, Eastern Front, Lithuania, Baltic states, nationalism, violence, revolution, paramilitarism, refugees, ethnic conflict

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2018 Print ISBN-13: 9780199668021
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780199668021.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Tomas Balkelis, author
Senior Research Fellow, Lithuanian Institute of History, Vilnius