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Opera for the PeopleEnglish-Language Opera and Women Managers in Late 19th-Century America$

Katherine Preston

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199371655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199371655.001.0001

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(p.565) Bibliography

(p.565) Bibliography

Opera for the People

Katherine K. Preston

Oxford University Press

Primary Sources: Periodicals

For the first stage of this project I examined all American music periodicals applicable to the topic of opera performance or reception published during the period 1860 to 1900 with a run of at least five years. I also examined other serials in a less systematic manner, if they were published outside of New York. I examined most of these periodicals at the Library of Congress, either in hard copy or on microfilm; I also used the periodicals collections at the Newberry Library (Chicago), the American Antiquarian Society (Worcester, Massachusetts), and several other repositories. The dates indicate issues examined.

Periodicals Examined Systematically

Amateur: A Repository of Music, Literature, and Art (Philadelphia), 1870–1875

American Art Journal (NY) (formerly Watson’s Art Journal), 1876–1897

American Musical Times (Youngstown, OH), 1891–1895

Amphion (Detroit), 1874–1885 (sporadic holdings)

Boston Musical Times (Boston and New York), 1861–1871

Brainard’s Musical World (Cleveland, OH), 1864–1895 (1864–1868: Western Musical World; 1891: Musical World; after 1895: absorbed by Etude

Dexter Smith’s Pictorial, Musical, Dramatic, Literary, Humorous, Art, Household and Fashion Magazine (Boston), 1872–1878

Figaro (NY), 1869–1873

Folio (Boston), 1869–1892

Freund’s Music and Drama (New York), 1883–1892

Kunkel’s Musical Review (St. Louis), 1880–1888

Loomis’ Musical Journal (New Haven, CT), 1867–1890

Musical Bulletin (Troy, NY), 1867–1873

Musical Courier (New York), 1880–1900

Musical Echo (Milwaukee, WI), 1873–1875

Musical Herald of the United States (Boston), 1880–1886

Musical Pioneer (New York), 1860–1871

Musical Messenger (Cincinnati, OH), 1891–1895

(p.566) North’s Philadelphia Musical Journal (Philadelphia), 1886–1890

Opera Glass (Boston), 1895

Orpheus (New York and Boston), 1865–1877

Sherman & Hyde’s Musical Review (San Francisco), 1875–1879

Song Journal (Detroit), 1871–1877

Song Messenger of the Northwest (Chicago),1863–1875

Southern Musical Advocate and Singers’ Friend (Mountain Valley [Singer’s Glen, Virginia], 1860–1861, 1868

Watson’s Weekly Art Journal (New York), 1864–1875 (became American Art Journal)

Whitney’s Musical Guest (Toledo, OH), 1867–1877

Periodicals Consulted

Appleton’s Journal of Literature, Science and Art

Art Amateur

Century Magazine



Dwight’s Journal of Music

Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper

Harper’s Weekly


Musical America

Musical Independent: A Monthly Magazine

Musical Times

Musical World (London)

National Police Gazette

New York Clipper

New York Dramatic Mirror (before 1889: New York Mirror)



Song Messenger Monthly

Spirit of the Times

Primary Sources: Serials

The vast majority of American newspapers cited in this book were accessed through digitized databases, including America’s Historical Newspapers (Readex), Nineteenth Century U. S. Newspapers (Gale Cengage Learning), Chronicling America (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/), Historical Newspapers Online (Bowling Green State University Library; http://libguides.bgsu.edu/c.php?g=227435), and Proquest Historical Newspapers (New York Times, Washington Post, and the Chicago Tribune). I consulted some newspapers on microfilm. For the most part only signed articles (sometimes by pseudonyms) are included in this bibliography. (p.567) Some unsigned articles were of particular importance, however, and I include them in the bibliography and identify their probable authors in square brackets.

For U.K. newspapers, I used the 19th Century British Newspapers database, the Edinburgh Scotsman, the Times [London] Digital Archives (Gale/Cengage Learning) (all available online), and microfilm copies of other newspapers at the Newspapers Collection of the British Library.

The list of cited newspapers is included in the list of abbreviations at the beginning of this volume. I consulted many more newspapers than I cited.

American Newspapers


Daily Evening Bulletin (San Francisco) (also Evening Bulletin)

Evening News (San Jose)

Los Angeles Times

San Francisco Bulletin

San Francisco Call

San Jose Daily News


Daily News (Denver)

Denver Republican

Denver Tribune

Rocky Mountain News (Denver)


Daily Constitution (Middletown)

New Haven Daily Palladium

New Haven Evening Register (also Register)


Atlanta Constitution Georgia Weekly Telegraph and Georgia Journal & Messenger (Macon)

Macon Telegraph


Idaho Daily Statesman (Boise)


Chicago Evening Post

Chicago Herald (also Sunday Herald)

(p.568) Chicago News

Chicago Tribune(also Daily Tribune)

Illustrated Chicago News

Inter Ocean (also Daily Inter Ocean, Sunday Inter Ocean)

Sunday Times (Chicago)


Indianapolis Sentinel


Daily State Register (Des Moines)


Atchinson Daily Globe

Kansas City Journal

Kansas City Star

Kansas City Times

Kansas Semi-Weekly Capital (Topeka)


Daily Picayune (New Orelans) (also Times-Picayune)

New-Orleans Times


Bangor Daily Whig & Courier

Portland Daily Press


Baltimore Bulletin

Baltimore Sun


Boston Daily Advertiser

Boston Evening Sunday Gazette

Boston Herald

Boston Investigator

Boston Times

Boston Transcript

Boston Journal (also Daily Journal, Evening Journal, Morning Journal, Sunday Journal)

(p.569) Congregationalist (Boston)

Liberator (Boston)

Lowell Daily Citizen and News (also Daily Citizen)

Springfield Daily Republican (also Springfield Republican Sunday Republican)

Worcester Daily Spy


Kalamazoo Gazette


Duluth Daily News

Duluth Daily Tribune (also Sunday Tribune)

Duluth News Tribune

Minneapolis Journal

St. Paul Globe


Evening Star-Mail (Kansas City)

St. Louis Evening Chronicle

St. Louis Globe-Democrat

St. Louis Republic


Territorial Enterprise (Virginia City)

New York

Albany Journal

Brooklyn Eagle (microfilm)

National Police Gazette

New York Clipper

New York Herald

New York Letter

New York Mirror

New York Post

New York Sun (also Evening Sun)

New York Times (also Daily Times)

New York Tribune (also Daily Tribune)

New York World (also Evening World)

Pomeroy’s Democrat (New York City)

(p.570) Rochester Times

Sunday Mercury (New York City)

North Dakota

Grand Forks Daily Herald


Cincinnati Commercial (and Cincinnati Commercial Tribune)

Cincinnati Daily Gazette

Cincinnati Enquirer (also Cincinnati Daily Enquirer)

Cleveland Gazette

Daily Cleveland Herald (also Cleveland Morning Daily Herald, Cleveland Morning Herald)


Morning Oregonian (Portland)


Daily Age (Philadelphia)

North American and United States Gazette (Philadelphia) (also North American)

Philadelphia Evening Telegraph

Philadelphia Inquirer

Philadelphia Times

Public Ledger (Philadelphia)

Pittsburgh Commercial

South Carolina

Weekly News and Courier (Charleston)

South Dakota

Aberdeen Daily News


Nashville American


Dallas Morning News

Galveston Daily News

Houston Daily Union

(p.571) Virginia

Richmond Daily Dispatch

Washington, D.C.

Critic (also Daily Critic)

Daily National Intelligencer

Daily National Republican

Evening Star

Washington Post

West Virginia

Wheeling Register (also Sunday Register)


Milwaukee Sentinel (also Daily Sentinel, Morning Sentinel)

Wisconsin Daily Patriot

Wisconsin State Register (Portage)

British Newspapers


Illustrated London News

The Era

The Times

Other Cities (mostly examined on microfilm at the British Library)

Birmingham Daily Post

Cork Examiner(Ireland)

Dublin Freedman’s Journal

Liverpool Mercury

Manchester Guardian

Nottingham Daily Guardian

Sheffield Evening Star and Daily Times

Scotsman (Edinburgh)

Primary Sources: Collections at Libraries and Archives

I visited scores of libraries, archives, and historical societies all over the country in my quest for information related to this book. My principal archival sources were repositories in major urban centers (Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C., Chicago, and San Francisco) and important collections (p.572) of theatre and music materials and other primary documents (diaries, journals, scrapbooks) such as the American Antiquarian Society; Tams-Witmark Collection in Madison, Wisconsin; and the Harry Ransom Humanities Center in Austin, Texas. I also visited many other libraries, archives, and historical societies throughout the country where I read and examined countless diaries, journals, scrapbooks, daybooks, ledgers, and collections that are not listed individually in the bibliography.

Repositories in the United States


Alabama Department of Archives and History (Montgomery)

Birmingham Public Library Department of Archives and Manuscripts

Historic Mobile Preservation Society Archives

Mobile Public Library, Local History Room

University of Alabama Library (Tuscaloosa), W. S. Hoole Special Collections


Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley

Huntington Library (Los Angeles)

Performing Arts Library and Museum (now Museum of Performance + Design), San Francisco

San Francisco Public Library, Music and Art Division and SF History Room


Connecticut Historical Society (Hartford)

New Hartford Town Hall, Archival Records

District of Columbia

Folger Shakespeare Library

Historical Society of Washington

Library of Congress: Manuscript Division, Performing Arts Reading Room: Music Division; Rare Books and Special Collections; Geography and Maps; Newspapers and Serials; Prints and Photographs; Microform Reading Room


Atlanta History Center

(p.573) Emory University Library, Special Collections

Georgia State Archives (Atlanta)


Chicago History Museum and Research Center (formerly Chicago Historical Society)

Chicago Public Library, Special Collections and Preservation Division

Newberry Library

Peoria Public Library


Indiana University, Lilly Library


Historic New Orleans Collection

Louisiana State Museuem, Louisiana Historical Center

Tulane University, Special Collections


Maryland Historical Society (Baltimore), Special Collections


American Antiquarian Society (Worcester)

Boston Public Library, Rare Books and Manuscripts Department

Harvard University, Harvard Theatre Collection

Worcester Historical Museum


Alfred Gregory Theatre Program Scrapbooks (1875-1927)

Kansas City Public Library

Missouri History Museum Library and Research Center (St. Louis)

St. Louis Public Library

State Historical Society of Missouri

Washington University Library, Ernst Krohn Collection

New York

Columbia University, Butler Library, Rare Books and Manuscripts

Metropolitan Opera Archives

(p.574) New-York Historical Society

New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives; United States History, Local History, and Genealogy Division; Art, Prints, and Photographs (Main Building); Mid-Manhattan Picture Collection; Billy Rose Theatre Collection and Music Division (esp. American Music Collection), Library for the Performing Arts (Lincoln Center)


Cincinnati Historical Society

Cleveland Public Library

Western Reserve Historical Society (Cleveland)


Free Library of Philadelphia, Theatre Department

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Library Company of Philadelphia

University of Pittsburgh, Hillman Library, Special Collections

South Carolina

Library Company of Charleston

South Carolina Historical Society (Charleston)


Harry Ransom Center for the Humanities, University of Texas at Austin


Library of Virginia (Richmond)

Virginia Historical Society (Richmond)


University of Wisconson (Madison), Mills Music Library, Tams-Witmark Collection

Repositories in the United Kingdom

British Library. Manuscripts and Archives and Newspaper Division (formerly at Colindale)

Covent Garden Archives

London Theatre Museum

Royal Academy of Music (London), Special Collections

(p.575) Royal College of Music (London), Department of Portraits and Performance History

University of Bristol, Theatre Collection

University of Manchester, Rylands Library

Primary Materials: Pre-1900 Publications, Memoirs, Letters, Scrapbook Collections, Libretti, Scores.

“A Year of Opera at the Castle Square Theatre, May 6 1895 to May 6, 1896.” Boston: Charles Elwell French, 1896. https://archive.org/details/yearofoperaatcas00frenuoft.

“American Opera: Glimpses into the Earlier History of English Opera in This Country.” DIO, 26 December 1877, 8.

Auber, Daniel François-Esprit Fra Diavolo, or the Inn of Terracina. As Performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Auber, Daniel François-Esprit. The Crown Diamonds. Grand English Opera Combination. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1870.

Autograph Letters Collection, HTC, Houghton Library. Letters to Effie Ober catalogued under names of individual singers, including Pierre Bernard, Mary Beebe, Pasquali Brignoli, Annie Louise Cary, William Castle, George Frothingham, William MacDonald, Max Maretzek, Adelaide Phillipps, Marie Stone, Tom Karl, Clara Louise Kellogg, Myron Whitney, and others.

A. W. Jr., “The Thomas Concerts. Their Origin, Difficulties, and Triumph. Great Musical Project for the Future.” NYES, 27 August 1873 [1]‌.

Balfe, Michael William. The Bohemian Girl. As Performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Balfe, Michael William. The Enchantress. First Performed by the Celebrated Richings Opera Troupe. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Balfe, Michael William. Rose of Castile. As Performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Barnabee, Henry Clay. “The Bostonians.” Sunday Magazine, ES, 19 August 1906, 3–4, 18.

Barnabee, Henry Clay. Reminiscences of Henry Clay Barnabee. Edited by George Leon Varney. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1913/1971.

Beatty-Kingston, William. “Our Music-Box.” In The Theatre: A Monthly Review of the Drama, Music, and the Fine Arts, edited by Clement Scott, vol. 15. London: Carson & Comerford, 1885.

Benedict, Jules. Lily of Killarney. As Performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Benedict, Sir Jules. Lily of Killarney. The Kellogg Grand English Opera. Baltimore: The Sun Printing Establishment, 1874.

Berrell, George Barton. Journals. Missouri History Museum Library and Research Center, St. Louis.

(p.576) Brock, Kate. “Emma Abbott’s Hale Father” (interview), St. Paul Globe (Minnesota), 11 June 1899, 24.

C. G. “The Future of Opera in this Country I.” MH, i:3 (March 1880): 55–56; i:4 (April, 1880), 78–79; i:5 (May, 1880), 101–102; i:6 (June, 1880), 127; i:7 (July, 1880), 150–151.

Castle, William. “Reminiscences of English Opera.” Philharmonic, i:1 (January 1901): 36–40.

Cather, Willa. “As You Like It,” NSJ, 25 November 1894, 13. In The World and the Parish: Willa Cather’s Articles and Reviews. Edited by William M. Curtin. University of Nebraska Press, 1970.

Cole, Catharine. “An American Opera Experiment.” DP, 23 May 1886, 5.

Curtis, George William. “Editor’s Easy Chair.” HNMM, ccx (November 1867): 803–805.

Curtis, John. “Grand Opera in Philadelphia.” Unpublished typescript, HSP.

De Vivo, Diego. “Grand Opera in America.” NYS, 6 September 1896, 5.

De Vivo, Diego. “A Manager’s Memories.” NYS, 11 October 1896, 4.

De Vivo, Diego. “De Vivo. A Manager Born.” NYS, 10 January 1897, 5.

De Vivo, Diego. “De Vivo’s Reminiscences.” NYS, 28 February 1897, 3.

De Vivo, Diego. “Parepa Rosa’s Triumphs. Her Concert Tour of the Whole Country in 1868–69.” NYS, 20 June 1897, 7.

De Vivo, Diego. “Parepa Rosa’s Triumphs, First Season of her Grand English Opera, 1869-70.” NYS, 25 July 1897, 10.

De Vivo, Diego. “Parepa Rosa’s Triumphs. Manager De Vivo Tells of Her Trip to the Pacific Coast.” NYS, 15 August 1897, n.p.

De Vivo, Diego. “The Opera of 1870-71.” NYS, 22 August 1897, 6.

De Vivo, Diego. “A Notable Music Season (1872-73).” NYS, 3 October 1897, 7.

De Vivo, Diego. “Emma Abbott’s Career.” NYS, 10 October, 1897, 5.

De Vivo, Diego. “New York Was Music Mad.” NYS, 26 December 1897, 6.

Drown, F. Henry, “English Opera,” S&HMR, ii:7 (July 1875), 318–319.

Eichberg, Julius. Doctor of Alcantara. As Performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Flotow, Frederic von. Martha: An Opera in Four Acts . . . Adapted by C. M. Richings. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Flotow, Friedrich von. Martha. Emma Abbott Libretto and Parlor Pianist. New York Theatre Ticket Office, n.d.

D’Ivry, Richard. Les Amants de Vérone. Royal Italian Opera, Covent Garden. London: J. Miles & Co, n.d.

Donizetti, Gaetano, Jean-François-Alfred Bayard and Henri de Saint-Georges, La fille du régiment. Paris: Henriot, 1840. http://publikationen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/frontdoor/index/index/docId/1216

Donizetti, Gaetano. La Figlia del Reggimento (Published for the Academy of Music). New York: Frederick Rullman, 1857); http://catalog.hathitrust.org/api/volumes/oclc/22457923.html

(p.577) Donizetti, Gaetano. The Daughter of the Regiment, translated and adapted . . . by Caroline M. Richings. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Donizetti, Gaetano. Linda of Chamounix. As performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Donizetti, Gaetano. Lucia. Opera in Five Acts. Adapted to the uses of the Emma Abbott Opera Company by J. H. Rosewald. New York: Theatre Ticket Office,1883.

Donizetti, Gaetano. Lucia di Lammermoor. As revised and adapted by Clara Louise Kellogg. Baltimore: Sun Printing Establishment, 1874.

Fisake, Harrison Grey, ed. The New York Mirror Annual and Directory of the Theatrical Profession. New York: New York Mirror, 1888.

Formes, Karl. “How it Looks to the Man in California” (letter from San Francisco, 9 October 1886), AAJ, xlvi: 2 (30 October 1886), 18.

[Foulon, I. D.] “American Opera,” KMR, ix:3 (March 1886), 84.

[Foulon, I. D.] “‘The Musical Herald’ on ‘National Opera,’” KMR, x:4 (April 1887), 125.

Glase, Paul. Scrapbook Collection, Theatre Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia.

Gookins, James F. “The Eleventh Indiana Volunteers Swearing to Remember Buena Vista at Indianapolis, May, 1861” (sketch) and “Remember Buena Vista” (story). HW, 22 June 1861, 388–389.

Gounod, Charles. Roméo et Juliette. Opera en 5 Actes. Paris: Choudens Père & Fils [1878].

Gounod, Charles. Romeo and Juliet. The Emma Abbott Libretto and Parlor Pianist. New York: Theatre Ticket Office, n.d.

Gounod, Charles. Faust. As Translated and Adapted by Caroline Richings Bernard. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1870.

Gounod, Charles. Faust. English Translation as Performed by the Emma Abbott Grand English Opera Company. New York: Theatre Ticket Office, n.d.

Grau, Robert. Forty Years Observation of Music and the Drama. New York: Broadway Publishing, 1909.

Grau, Robert. “From ‘Variety’ to ‘Vaudeville.’ How that Great Change Came About,” IDS, 7 November 1912, 4.

Greenwood, Grace (Mrs. Leander Lippincott). “Notes from Over the Sea. American Singers,” NYT, 17 September 1876, 1.

Greenwood, Grace “Emma Abbott, Prima Donna.” New York: [no publisher identified], 1878.

Hatton, J. L. “Simon the Cellarer.” Troy, NY: E. P. Jones, n.d.

Hauk, Minnie. “Minnie Hauk’s Plea for American Opera.” NYH, 29 March 1891, 14.

Hauk, Minnie. Memories of a Singer. London: A. M. Philpot, 1925.

Hess, C. D. “Early Opera in America.” Cosmopolitan, xxxii:2 (December 1901): 139–152.

Hobbins, Alice. “The Story of a Prima Donna. The Life of Emma Abbott.” Buffalo, NY: Maerz Lithograph, 1880.

Hopkins, Jerome. “Indigenous Opera in New York,” AAJ, xxviii:24 (13 April 1878), 323–324.

(p.578) Karl, Tom. “Karl Hails from the Ould Sod” (1896?). Clipping File, Music Division, NYPL.

Keith, B. F. “Amusements,” PI, 13 February 1898, 15.

Kellogg, Clara Louise. Memoirs of an American Prima Donna. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1913.

Logan, Olive. Before the Footlights and Behind the Scenes: A Book about “The Show Business” in All Its Branches. Philadelphia: Parmalee, 1870.

Ludlow, Noah. Diary, 1870. Ludlow-Field-Maury Papers, Missouri History Museum Library and Research Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

Maretzek, Max. Revelations of an Opera Manager in 19th Century America: Crotchets and Quavers and Sharps and Flats (two volumes bound as one). Edited by Charles Haywood. New York: Dover Publications, 1855 and 1890/1968.

Maretzek, Max. Further Revelations of an Opera Manager in 19th Century America. Edited and annotated by Ruth Henderson. Sterling Heights, MI: Harmonie Park Press, 2006.

Massé, Victor. Paul et Virginia. Popular Edition. Paris: Théodore Michaelis Editor, n.d.

Massé, Victor. Paul and Virginia. The Emma Abbott Libretto and Parlor Pianist. New York: The Theatre Ticket Office, n.d.

Massé, Victor, Paul et Virginie, deuxième edition. (piano vocal score) Paris: Théodore Michaelis [1878].

Massé, Victor. Paul and Virginia. Vocal Selections. New York: G. Schirmer, 1878.

Massé, Victor. Paul and Virginia. Expressly adapted for and originally performed by Emma Abbott and the Hess Grand Opera Company. Caryl Florio, translator. New Orleans: Varieties Theatre, 1879.

Mathews, John Lathrop. “Mr. Edward A. MacDowell.” Music, x (May-Oct 1896): 31–36.

Mathews, W. S. B. “A Notice from Another Pen,” CT, 27 May 1886, 5.

Mathews, W. S. B. “Subjected to Analysis,” CT, 6 June 1866, 17.

Meyerbeer, Giacomo. The Huguenots. As translated and adapted by Caroline Richings Bernard. Philadelphia: Job Ledger Printing Office, 1870.

Meyerbeer, Giacomo. Star of the North. As revised and adapted by Clara Louise Kellogg. Baltimore: Sun Printing Establishment, 1874.

Miner, Harry. Harry Miner’s American Dramatic Directory: Season of 1884-85. New York: Wolf & Palmer Dramatic Publishing, 1884. https://archive.org/details/harryminersameri00mineiala.

Morris, Charles, ed. Men of the Century: An Historical Work. Philadelphia: L. R. Hamersly, 1896.

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus. The Marriage of Figaro. As revised and adapted by Clara Louise Kellogg. Baltimore: Sun Printing Establishment, 1874.

Nielsen, Alice. “Born to Sing.” Collier’s, 11 June (9, 44–46), 18 June (19, 36, 39), 25 June (22, 41), 2 July (14–15, 49), and 9 July 1932 (27–29 37).

(p.579) Norton, John W. Papers, 1840-1895. Missouri History Museum Library and Research Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

Orlou, Elm, “Deserving Women of America.” PD, 13 January 1872, [4].

Parks, Katherine S. “Trilby of the Opera,” KS-WC, 14 September 1897, [6].

Peregrine Pickle [pseudonym for George Upton]. “The Opera. Some Reflections on the Season,” CT, 16 January 1870, 2.

Phelps, Henry P. Players of a Century: A Record of the Albany Stage. Albany: Joseph McDonough, 1880.

Planquette, Robert. Les Cloches de Corneville. (Paris: Alcan-Levy, Rue de Lafayette, n.d.

Planquette, Robert. The Bells of Corneville (Les cloches de Corneville). Boston: Oliver Ditson Company, 1879.

Pond, James B. Eccentricities of Genius: Memories of Famous Men and Women of the Platform and Stage. New York: G. W. Dillingham, 1900.

Pond, James B. “The Lyceum.” Cosmopolitan, xx:6 (April 1896): 596.

Pond, James B. “Memories of the Lyceum.” In Modern Eloquence: Library of After-Dinner Speeches, Lectures, [and] Occasional Addresses. Fifteen volumes, edited by Thomas B. Reed, vol. I: 893–917. Philadelphia: John D. Morris, 1900–1903.

Questor, “Musical Mirror,” NYM, 10 April 1886, 2.

Questor, “American Opera,” DIO, 5 June 1886, 13.

Reed, Myron W. Temple Talks. Indianapolis, IN: Bowen- Merrill, 1908.

Ricci, Luigi. Crispino and the Fairy. Translated and adapted . . . by Caroline M. Richings. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1868.

Ritter, Frédérick Louis. Music in America, 1st and 2nd editions. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1884/1895.

Rockwood, George G. “Stories from an Old Album.” NYPL Clipping File (Emma Abbott).

Root, George Frederic. The Story of a Musical Life. Cincinnati, OH: John Church, 1891.

Rosa, Carl. “English Opera.” Murray’s Magazine, April 1884.

Rossini, Gioachino. Cinderella: or The Fairy Queen and the Glass Slipper. [Michael Rophino Lacy, arr.] As Performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Rudersdorff, Erminia. “English Opera. What it is and What it Ought to Be,” DS, vii:5 (May 1875): 313.

Savage, Henry W. “Opera in English for America.” Independent, 10 May 1900, 1110.

Savage, Henry W.. “Henry W. Savage Discusses Americanisms for Americans on the Stage.” Unnamed paper, 11 September 1904. HTC Clipping File.

Seguin, Zelda. “American Opera. Glimpses into the Earlier History of English Opera in this Country” (about Richings). IO, 26 December 1877, 8.

Seguin, Zelda. “Zelda Seguin Talks of Old Opera Days.” NYT, 26 June 1911, 9.

Soldene, Emily. My Theatrical and Musical Recollections. London: Downey, 1897.

(p.580) Sweet, Susie. “Correspondence of the Citizen,” LDC, 31 October 1879, [2].

Thomas, S. E., ed. Celebrities of the Day: British and Foreign. A Monthly Repertoire of Contemporary Biography. London: W. Poole, 1881.

Thomas, Rose Fay. Memoirs of Theodore Thomas. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1911/1971.

Thomas, Theodore. Theodore Thomas: A Musical Autobiography. Edited by George P. Upton. Chicago: McClurg, 1905/New York: Da Capo, 1964.

[Thoms, William.] “Some Wholesome Truths About the ‘American Opera,’ the ‘National Conservatory,’ etc.,” AAJ, xlv:23 (25 September 1886), 370.

[Thoms, William.] “The Operatic Ring Under American Colors,” AAJ, xlv:24 (2 October 1886), 386–387.

[Thoms, William.] “Our Franco-German Conservatory and German Opera Co. Are Anti-National, Anti-Republican, Anti-Patriotic and Anti-American,” AAJ, xlv:25 (9 October 1886), 402–403.

[Thoms, William.] “Franco-German Conservatory and German Opera,” AAJ, xlv:26 (16 October 1886), 418–419.

[Thoms, William.] “Change from ‘American Opera’ to ‘National Opera Company,’” AAJ, xlvi:1 (23 October 1886), 4–5.

[Thoms, William.] “The Outlook for American Opera Composers,” AAJ, xlvi:3 (6 November 1886), 36.

Thurber Papers (Jeannette). Special Collections, Music Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts.

Tucker, Blanche (stage name: Bianchi Rosevalla), “Music in Paris,” [Paris], ST, 25 October 1874, 2.

Upton, George Putnam. Musical Memories: My Recollections of Celebrities of the Half Century, 1850-1900. Chicago: A.C. McClurg, 1908.

Veritas, “Music. American Opera Company,” DIO, 13 June 1886, 13.

Verdi, Giuseppe. Cecilia’s Love. Stage Manager’s Guide (piano-vocal score), Arthur Sullivan and J. Pittman, eds. London and New York: Boosey and Co., n.d.

Verdi, Giuseppe. Cecilia; or, a Woman’s Sacrifice. Adapted to Verdi’s Music of La Traviata by Emma Abbott. The Emma Abbott Grand English Opera Company. New York: Theatre Ticket Office,1881.

Verdi, Giuseppe. Ernani. As revised and adapted by Clara Louise Kellogg. Baltimore: Sun Printing Establishment, 1874.

Wallace, William Vincent. Maritana. As performed by the Richings English Opera Company. Philadelphia: Ledger Job Printing Office, 1867.

Waterston, Anna Cabot. Adelaide Phillipps: A Record. Boston: A. Williams, 1883.

Wemyss, Francis Courtney. Twenty-Six Years of the Life of an Actor and Manager. New York: Burgess, Stringer, 1847.

White, Richard Grant. “Opera in New York.” Century Magazine, xxiii:5 (March 1882): 686–703; xxiii:6 (April 1882): 865–882; xxiv:1 (May 1882): 31–43; and xxiv:2 (June 1882): 193–210.

(p.581) Secondary Sources: General Reference Works

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