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Marine PlanktonA practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy$
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Claudia Castellani and Martin Edwards

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780199233267

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780199233267.001.0001

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Cnidaria: Scyphozoa and Non-Colonial Hydrozoa

Cnidaria: Scyphozoa and Non-Colonial Hydrozoa

(p.198) Cnidaria: Scyphozoa and Non-Colonial Hydrozoa
Marine Plankton

Priscilla Licandro

Astrid Fischer

Dhugal J. Lindsay

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the taxonomy of scyphozoa and non-colonial hydrozoa. The Phylum Cnidaria assembles highly diverse primitive invertebrates that carry stinging cells called cnida. The presence of cnida, which are organized in specialized structures called cnidocysts (or nematocysts), makes the organisms of this group venomous to varying degrees. The chapter covers their life cycle, ecology, and general morphology. It includes a section that indicates the systematic placement of the taxon described within the tree of life, and lists the key marine representative illustrated in the chapter (usually to genus or family level). This section also provides information on the taxonomic authorities responsible for the classification adopted, recent changes which might have occurred, and lists relevant taxonomic sources.

Keywords:   scyphozoa, non-colonial hydrozoa, cnida, taxonomy, zooplankton, life cycle, ecology, morphology

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