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Interpreting Herodotus$
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Thomas Harrison and Elizabeth Irwin

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198803614

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198803614.001.0001

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The End of the Histories and the End of the Atheno-Peloponnesian Wars

The End of the Histories and the End of the Atheno-Peloponnesian Wars

(p.279) 13 The End of the Histories and the End of the Atheno-Peloponnesian Wars
Interpreting Herodotus

Elizabeth Irwin

Oxford University Press

This article argues that the end of the Histories has been designed in multiple ways to allude to the end of the Atheno-Peloponnesian wars and to offer a critique of the figure whose policies were most responsible for its outbreak and continuance, namely, Pericles. The fate of Artaÿctes, the ‘temple-robber’ who forgoes the safety of the stronghold of Sestos only to find himself caught at Aegospotami, has been designed to allude both to accusations levelled at Pericles and at the Athenians in relation to financing the war and to position on the ethics of retaliation, particularly in victory. The article’s conclusion explores the relationship between Herodotus and Thucydides in light of this late date for our Histories, and includes a coda on the story of Masistes’ wife.

Keywords:   Aegospotami, retaliation, retribution, Herodotus and Thucydides, hierosylia, Protesilaos, Artayctes, Athens and Sparta

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