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Reforming DemocracyInstitutional Engineering in Western Europe$
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Camille Bedock

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198779582

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198779582.001.0001

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Disentangling the Long- and Short-Term Determinants of the Reforms of Core Democratic Rules

Disentangling the Long- and Short-Term Determinants of the Reforms of Core Democratic Rules

A Model for Western Europe, 1990–2010

Chapter:
(p.88) 4 Disentangling the Long- and Short-Term Determinants of the Reforms of Core Democratic Rules
Source:
Reforming Democracy
Author(s):

Camille Bedock

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198779582.003.0005

The aim of this fourth chapter is to understand the determinants of reforms of core democratic rules through a macro-analysis taking into account both long-term and short-term factors of change. Two dependent variables are examined: first, the total number of reforms adopted per country between 1990 and 2010; and second, the number of institutional reforms adopted by legislature. In the long term, polities with a lack of political support and majoritarian polities experience more reforms. Focusing on short-term determinants, the results show that rising electoral uncertainty, as measured by volatility, along with the changing preferences of actors in power as measured by the advent of new forces in government, lead to the adoption of greater numbers of institutional reforms in following legislatures.

Keywords:   alternation, political support, electoral volatility, long-term factors of change, short-term factors of change, reforms

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