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Reforming DemocracyInstitutional Engineering in Western Europe$
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Camille Bedock

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198779582

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198779582.001.0001

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The Changes to Core Democratic Rules in Western Europe, 1990–2010

The Changes to Core Democratic Rules in Western Europe, 1990–2010

An Overview

(p.60) 3 The Changes to Core Democratic Rules in Western Europe, 1990–2010
Reforming Democracy

Camille Bedock

Oxford University Press

This chapter aims to describe the changes that were made to core democratic rules in Western Europe between 1990 and 2010, by using the database on ‘Institutional change in advanced European democracies’. With the inclusion of six dimensions of reform over twenty years in eighteen Western European democracies, this database enables us to grasp the amount, the direction, and the format of change in consolidated democracies. The contrasts and the common trends that appear across dimensions of reform and across countries are discussed, focusing on the number and extent of reforms (minor vs. substantial), their direction (inclusive vs. exclusive), and their format (bundled or isolated). The main conclusions to be drawn are that both the rarity and singularity of reform can be dismissed as the illusions they are, and that reforms adopted over the last decades have overwhelmingly moved towards greater inclusiveness.

Keywords:   institutional change, scope of reform, frequency of reform, inclusiveness, bundles of reforms

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