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RingtoneExploring the Rise and Fall of Nokia in Mobile Phones$
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Yves Doz and Keeley Wilson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777199

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777199.001.0001

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The Planetary Alignment Was Right

The Planetary Alignment Was Right

(p.15) 2 The Planetary Alignment Was Right

Keeley Wilson

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides an historical perspective on the growth of Nokia and the co-evolution of an emergent ICT cluster in Finland. It carefully distinguishes what is unique and idiosyncratic and what is generalizable from that co-evolution. It explores how Nokia’s early leaders relied on smart opportunism, rather than a grand strategy, to drive the firm’s adaptation from traditional industries to mobile telecoms, and how the group took advantage of unique features of the geopolitical, institutional, and industrial contexts of Finland post-World War II. It highlights the dominant logics and heuristics from formative experiences in the early evolution of the company.

Keywords:   Finnish context, internationalization, strategic opportunism, joint ventures, collaboration, innovation, governance, crisis, Nordic mobile telephone network

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