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RingtoneExploring the Rise and Fall of Nokia in Mobile Phones$

Yves Doz and Keeley Wilson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777199

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777199.001.0001

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(p.169) Appendix 3 Abbreviations

(p.169) Appendix 3 Abbreviations

Source:
Ringtone
Author(s):

Keeley Wilson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press

BCG

Boston Consulting Group

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access

Protocol used in 2G and 3G wireless communications

CEO

Chief executive officer

CEPT

Confederation of European Posts and Telecommunications

Regulatory and standards body representing Europe’s monopoly state telecoms firms

CFO

Chief financial officer

COO

Chief operating officer

CTO

Chief technology officer

DCU

Digital Convergence Unit

Dedicated group focusing on data activities established in 2000

ERP

Enterprise Resource Planning

Integrated software to manage multiple back office functions

ES

Enterprise Solutions group

New business group announced by Nokia in 2003

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

US telecoms regulator

FCW

Finnish Cable Works

Company involved in merger to create Nokia in 1967

FDMA

Frequency Division Multiple Access

Radio frequency access protocol

FIM

Finnish markka

Finnish currency prior to adopting the euro

GPRS

General Packet Radio Service

Service for delivering mobile data

GSM

Global System for Mobile Communications

Pan-European digital standard set up 1982

HR

Human resources

ICT

Information and communication technology

IMD

International Institute for Management Development

Business school based in Lausanne, Switzerland

iOS

Apple’s mobile operating system

IT

Information technology

M

Multimedia group

Unit established under matrix reorganization in 1994

MMS

Multimedia Messaging Service

MP

Mobile Phones group

Unit established under matrix reorganization in 1994

NCS

Nokia Cellular Systems

A subunit of NTC

NET

Nokia Networks

Nokia’s infrastructure business group (name changed from NTC in 1998)

(p.170) NMP

Nokia Mobile Phones

Nokia’s phone business group

NMT

Nordic Mobile Telephone Network

Cross-border network established in 1981, with roaming between Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Denmark

NRC

Nokia Research Center

NSN

Nokia Siemens Networks

Joint venture absorbing infrastructure business of Nokia and Siemens created in 2006

NTC

Nokia Telecommunications

Nokia’s infrastructure business group (renamed NET in 1998)

NTT

Nippon Telegraph and Telephone

NVB

New Venture Board

Established in 1996 to focus on new ventures

NVO

Nokia Ventures Organization

Venture portfolio established in 1998—NVB activities moved into NVO

OEM

Original equipment manufacturer

OS

Operating system

Underlying software on computer or device

PCM

Pulse Code Modulation

Technology for transforming analog signals to digital

PDA

Personal digital assistant

Handheld computer popular from mid-1980s until advent of smartphones

PTT

Postal, Telegraph, and Telephone

Government monopoly responsible for these services; most now privatized

SMS

Short Message Service

TDMA

Time Division Multiple Access

Radio frequency access protocol

VTT

Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd

WAP

Wireless Access Protocol

Established in 1997 to create mobile Internet standards