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BonobosUnique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior$
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Brian Hare and Shinya Yamamoto

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198728511

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198728511.001.0001

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Pan paniscus or Pan ludens? Bonobos, playful attitude and social tolerance

Pan paniscus or Pan ludens? Bonobos, playful attitude and social tolerance

(p.65) Chapter 5 Pan paniscus or Pan ludens? Bonobos, playful attitude and social tolerance

Elisabetta Palagi

Elisa Demuru

Oxford University Press

Play, especially in its social form, is an enigmatic and multifunctional behaviour that is essential for the development and maintenance of a great variety of individual and social competences in many social species. Bonobos are recognized as one of the most playful species and they can be used as a model to evaluate the importance of social play at all ages, given that they play at high frequencies even as adults, thanks to their developmental delay. By summarizing what is known about play behaviour in bonobos and in other primate species, this chapter sheds light on the importance of social play in scaffolding the socio-emotional and communicative competence of individuals. Results obtained on bonobos allow the strong links between play in adults and social tolerance, a connection that becomes evident also in other species, including our own, to be revealed. Le jeu, en groupes spécialement, est un comportement énigmatique et multifonctionnel qui est essentiel au développement d’une grande variété de compétences individuelles et sociales dans plusieurs espèces sociales. Les bonobos sont reconnus comme une des espèces plus jouantes et peuvent être utilisés comme modèle pour évaluer l’importance du jeu social à touts les âges, donné qu’ils jouent beaucoup mêmes adultes, grâce à leur retard développemental. En résumant la connaissance des comportements de jeu par les bonobos et autres primates, nous visons souligner l’importance du jeu social dans l’échafaudage des compétences socio-émotionnelles et communicatives des individus. Les résultats obtenus à propos des bonobos nous permettent dévoiler les forts liens entre le jeu des adultes et la tolérances sociale, un lien qui devient évident dans d’autres espèces, la nôtre inclus.

Keywords:   social play, communication, Pan genus, development, rough and tumble, tolerance and despotism

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