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BonobosUnique in Mind, Brain, and Behavior$
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Brian Hare and Shinya Yamamoto

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198728511

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198728511.001.0001

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Female contributions to the peaceful nature of bonobo society

Female contributions to the peaceful nature of bonobo society

(p.17) Chapter 2 Female contributions to the peaceful nature of bonobo society

Takeshi Furuichi

Oxford University Press

Although chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) are closely related, their societies show surprisingly large differences in many aspects. Bonobo females, in comparison with chimpanzee females, are characterized by their gregariousness, close social association with one another, leadership and prolonged pseudo-estrus. Males are also different in their aggression between the two species; bonobo males are less aggressive than chimpanzee males and do not commit infanticide nor any other conspecific killing, which was reported in chimpanzees. This chapter investigates these differences between such closely related species and explains how bonobos achieve the peaceful nature of their society. The behavioral characteristics of female bonobos seem to contribute to the peaceful nature of bonobo society. Bien que les chimpanzés (Pan troglodytes) et les bonobos (Pan paniscus) soient deux espèces particulièrement proches et étroitement liées, de grandes différences peuvent être observées au sein de leur société. Les femelles bonobos, comparées aux femelles chimpanzés, se montrent plus grégaires, entretiennent des relations plus étroites les unes avec les autres, font preuve d’un certain leadership et présentent des périodes d’œstrus prolongées. Des différences comportementales sont également observées entre les mâles de ces deux espèces: les mâles bonobos apparaissent moins agressifs, ne commettant, à l’inverse des mâles chimpanzés, ni infanticide, ni meurtre intra-spécifique. La présente étude, consacrée donc aux différences entre ces deux espèces pourtant si proches, a pour but d’expliquer la nature pacifique des groupes de bonobos. Il semble ainsi que les femelles bonobos, par certains comportements caractéristiques, contribuent fortement à la structure non-violente de leur société.

Keywords:   Pan paniscus, prolonged estrus, sexual behaviour, female dominance, mother–son relationship

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