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Searching for Justice After the HolocaustFulfilling the Terezin Declaration and Immovable Property Restitution$
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Michael J. Bazyler, Kathryn Lee Boyd, Kristen L. Nelson, and Rajika L. Shah

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190923068

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190923068.001.0001

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(p.435) Forty-One Sweden
Searching for Justice After the Holocaust

Michael J. Bazyler

Kathryn Lee Boyd

Kristen L. Nelson

Rajika L. Shah

Oxford University Press

Sweden maintained a policy of uneven neutrality throughout World War II. While the Swedish government initially maintained a strict anti-immigrant policy, attitudes changed once World War II began. When Swedish authorities learned in 1942 that the Germans sought to deport Jews from Denmark and Norway, they aided in the rescue of thousands of Jews from the two neighboring countries. Throughout the war, Sweden maintained diplomatic relations with Nazi Germany. The Nazis sought to have Aryanization policy carried out in Sweden with respect to German-controlled companies operating in Sweden and also for Swedish companies with links to Germany. In the end, however, efforts to Aryanize property in Sweden were not very effective and did not have a major impact on the economic well-being of Swedish Jews. Sweden endorsed the Terezin Declaration in 2009 and the Guidelines and Best Practices in 2010.

Keywords:   Holocaust, World War II, restitution, immovable property, Terezin Declaration, ESLI, Sweden

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