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Youth, Jobs, and the FutureProblems and Prospects$
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Lynn S. Chancer, Martín Sánchez-Jankowski, and Christine Trost

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190685898

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190685898.001.0001

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The Employment Patterns of Young Adults, 1989–2014

The Employment Patterns of Young Adults, 1989–2014

Chapter:
(p.19) 1 The Employment Patterns of Young Adults, 1989–2014
Source:
Youth, Jobs, and the Future
Author(s):

Michael Hout

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190685898.003.0002

A strong start in life includes includes getting started in the world of work. Age, race, and education all affect young people’s employability and labor force experiences. First, just a few years can make a big difference among the young. Twenty-four-year-olds are not nearly as raw as 18-year-olds; they may have more education as well. Second, gender matters. Young women have different employment patterns from young men. Third, black and Hispanic youth have more employment difficulties than white and Asian youth. Fourth, college graduates have much better employment prospects than people with less education. Evidence presented here indicates that credentials outweigh experience, partly because so much employment growth is limited to occupations that require a college degree; but this probably applies in other occupations as well. All of these broad patterns replicate year after year, but economic conditions at the time can make them larger or smaller.

Keywords:   young worker, labor force, age, gender, race, employment pattern, college education, employment difficulty, employment growth

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