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Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge
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Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge: New Essays

Thomas Boyer-Kassem, Conor Mayo-Wilson, and Michael Weisberg

Abstract

Descartes once argued that, with sufficient effort and skill, a single scientist could uncover fundamental truths about our world. Contemporary science proves the limits of this claim. From synthesizing the human genome to predicting the effects of climate change, some current scientific research requires the collaboration of hundreds (if not thousands) of scientists with various specializations. Additionally, the majority of published scientific research is now coauthored, including more than 80% of articles in the natural sciences. Small collaborative teams have become the norm in science. T ... More

Keywords: scientific collaboration, collaborative research, collective belief, group knowledge, publication, authorship, coauthorship, refereeing, diversity, division of cognitive labor, opinion aggregation, social epistemology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780190680534
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190680534.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Thomas Boyer-Kassem, editor
ATER (temporary assistant professor), Physics Department, Université Lille 1 Sciences and Technologies

Conor Mayo-Wilson, editor
Assistant Professor, Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Michael Weisberg, editor
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania

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Contents

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Part One Sharing Knowledge

Part Two Forming Collaborations

3 Learning to Collaborate

Kevin J. S. Zollman

Part Three Authorship and Refereeing in Collaborative Research

5 Making an Author in Radically Collaborative Research

Bryce Huebner, Rebecca Kukla, and Eric Winsberg

7 Power, Bargaining, and Collaboration

Justin Bruner and Cailin O’Connor

Part Four From Individual to Collection Opinion

9 Opinion Aggregation and Individual Expertise

Carlo Martini and Jan Sprenger