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Jim Crow NorthThe Struggle for Equality in Antebellum New England$
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Richard Archer

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190676643

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190676643.001.0001

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Intimidation, Assaults, and Riots

Intimidation, Assaults, and Riots

Chapter:
(p.76) 6 Intimidation, Assaults, and Riots
Source:
Jim Crow North
Author(s):

Richard Archer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190676643.003.0006

Verbal attacks, physical assaults, and race riots were regular occurrences in the first two-thirds of the 1830s. Black reformers (and African Americans in general) and white abolitionists were the usual targets. The peak year for such assaults in New England turned out to be 1835. After that date, although individual insults and taunts continued, mass attacks on African American neighborhoods and on abolitionists of every hue tapered off and then all but disappeared. A backlash to the violence developed. Some people—through shame, embarrassment, or perhaps just a curiosity sparked by dramatic events—gave a second look to emancipation and equal rights. That might be cause for hope, but any dispassionate assessment of the decade of the 1830s had to conclude that the rights of black New Englanders were no better in 1840 than they had been in 1830. Unity and uplift were not enough.

Keywords:   William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionists, African Americans, Snowtown Riot, Hartford Riots, race riots

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