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Jim Crow NorthThe Struggle for Equality in Antebellum New England$
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Richard Archer

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190676643

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190676643.001.0001

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Unity and Uplift

Unity and Uplift

Chapter:
(p.43) 4 Unity and Uplift
Source:
Jim Crow North
Author(s):

Richard Archer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190676643.003.0004

Any attempt to reverse the condition of African Americans in New England had to consider what a small fraction of the overall population they were. Success depended upon unity of African Americans and changing attitudes and behaviors of white New Englanders. This chapter analyzes those efforts from what to call themselves to creating black institutions to enlisting white support. Activists in the 1830s largely focused on the tactic of uplift, primarily meaning education and self-improvement societies. The idea was that African Americans needed to improve themselves to reduce white prejudice as well as for their own well-being. This chapter also includes discussions of colonization, white allies (including Garrison, The Liberator, and antislavery societies), racism within abolitionist ranks, and the appearance of “scientific” racism.

Keywords:   combating racism, unity, uplift, African American reformers, abolitionists, colonization, racism

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