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Human Rights in Global HealthRights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World$
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Benjamin Mason Meier and Lawrence O. Gostin

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190672676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190672676.001.0001

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The Origins of Human Rights in Global Health

The Origins of Human Rights in Global Health

Chapter:
(p.21) 1 The Origins of Human Rights in Global Health
Source:
Human Rights in Global Health
Author(s):

Lawrence O. Gostin

Benjamin Mason Meier

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0002

This chapter introduces the foundational importance of human rights for global health, providing a theoretical basis for the edited volume by laying out the role of human rights under international law as a normative basis for public health. By addressing public health harms as human rights violations, international law has offered global standards by which to frame government responsibilities and evaluate health practices, providing legal accountability in global health policy. The authors trace the historical foundations for understanding the development of human rights and the role of human rights in protecting and promoting health since the end of World War II and the birth of the United Nations. Examining the development of human rights under international law, the authors introduce the right to health as an encompassing right to health care and underlying determinants of health, exploring this right alongside other “health-related human rights.”

Keywords:   United Nations, social medicine, World Health Organization, UDHR, right to health, ICESCR, Declaration of Alma-Ata, rights-based approach, HIV/AIDS

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