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Human Rights in Global HealthRights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World$
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Benjamin Mason Meier and Lawrence O. Gostin

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190672676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190672676.001.0001

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The World Bank

The World Bank

Contested Institutional Progress in Rights-Based Health Discourse

(p.353) 16 The World Bank
Human Rights in Global Health

Yusra Ribhi Shawar

Jennifer Prah Ruger

Oxford University Press

The World Bank, one of the largest global health funders, continues to deny a formal legal obligation for human rights. Internal constraints limit the Bank’s ability to do so, since its Articles of Agreement explicitly forbid it from interfering in a country’s internal political affairs, making it unclear whether human rights risk management is within the institution’s mandate. This stands in contrast to the institution’s commitment to human rights, as reflected in its commitment to helping countries achieve universal health coverage and in its “twin goals” of ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity, which fundamentally contribute to the realization of social and economic rights. This chapter analyzes the ways in which rights-based discourse has evolved in the Bank’s global health policies and practices and identifies the institutional factors that have shaped its consideration of human rights.

Keywords:   World Bank, human rights, global health, right to health, universal health coverage

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