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Occupational and Environmental Health$
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Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001

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Occupational Ergonomics: Promoting Safety and Health Through Work Design

Occupational Ergonomics: Promoting Safety and Health Through Work Design

Chapter:
(p.177) 9 Occupational Ergonomics: Promoting Safety and Health Through Work Design
Source:
Occupational and Environmental Health
Author(s):

W. Monroe Keyserling

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0009

Occupational ergonomics is a multidisciplinary approach for promoting safety and health through effective work design. Ergonomists collaborate with other occupational health professionals to assure that job demands are compatible with workers’ attributes, capacities, and expectations. This chapter discusses applying principles of cognitive ergonomics to prevent human errors that can contribute to injuries and/or property damage, and using principles of biomechanics and work physiology to reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal disorders, such as chronic back pain and carpal tunnel syndrome, as well as excessive fatigue. The final section of the chapter describes components of an ergonomics program to enhance safety, productivity, and well-being in the workplace.

Keywords:   ergonomics, work design, biomechanics, cognitive ergonomics, work physiology, musculoskeletal disorders

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