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An Introduction to Global Health Delivery$
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Joia S. Mukherjee

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662455

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662455.001.0001

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Global Health and the Global Burden of Disease

Global Health and the Global Burden of Disease

Chapter:
(p.89) 4 Global Health and the Global Burden of Disease
Source:
An Introduction to Global Health Delivery
Author(s):

Joia S. Mukherjee

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190662455.003.0004

This chapter defines terms used to describe the health of populations, such as incidence, prevalence, morbidity, and mortality. It introduces the concept of the burden of disease: that is, the quantity and impact of diseases and conditions that affect the health of populations. The Global Burden of Disease project, first launched in 1990 by the World Health Organization (WHO) seeks to measure disease burden on a regular basis. This chapter also examines the epidemiological transition, a concept that describes changes in causes of morbidity and mortality associated with economic development. The limitations of this concept and the need to address the entirety of the disease burden and achieve Universal Health Coverage are also discussed.

Keywords:   incidence, prevalence, maternal mortality, child mortality, epidemiological transition, Global Burden of Disease project, disease control priority

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