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The Democratic Coup d'État$
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Ozan Varol

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190626013

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190626013.001.0001

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Musical Chairs

Musical Chairs

(p.63) 8 Musical Chairs
The Democratic Coup d'État

Ozan O. Varol

Oxford University Press

This chapter contrasts the February 2011 coup in Egypt against Hosni Mubarak with the July 2013 coup against Mohamed Morsi. Although the two coups were of different kinds—one deposed a dictator and the other a democratically elected leader—the motivations of the coup leaders were similar. In both cases the military took advantage of popular uprisings to depose leaders who threatened its interests. The Muslim Brotherhood, the once humble partner of the Egyptian military, had turned into an ambitious and opportunistic opponent. It was positioned to pose a significant threat to the military, as demonstrated by Morsi’s purge of the military’s senior leadership with impunity. In response the military took advantage of the massive uprising against Morsi and deposed him.

Keywords:   Mohamed Morsi, Muslim Brotherhood, 2013 coup in Egypt, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 2011 coup in Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, Mohamed Hussein Tantawi

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