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Time Will TellA Theory of Dynamic Attending$
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Mari Riess Jones

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190618216

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190618216.001.0001

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The Tunable Brain

The Tunable Brain

(p.34) 3 The Tunable Brain
Time Will Tell

Mari Riess Jones

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces some elementary entrainment concepts such as phase space, phase portrait, bifurcation, and attractors. Limit cycle oscillations are introduced. It also provides a simplified overview of cortical activities in the human brain. It introduces concepts related to the synchrony between a pair of oscillations (endogenous entrainment), including examples of mode-locking synchronicities. Furthermore, it discusses the possibility of synchronous activities among whole configurations of cortical oscillations. The main aim of this chapter is to show the potential of brain oscillations to entrain to one another in various ways (modes of synchrony). Hence, a variety of forms of endogenous entrainment are discussed. Finally, the concept of attractors as abstract states of synchrony to which neighboring nonsynchronous states are drawn is introduced.

Keywords:   cortical oscillation, phase space, phase portrait, n:m mode-locking, endogenous entrainment, limit cycle oscillations

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