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Time Will TellA Theory of Dynamic Attending$
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Mari Riess Jones

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190618216

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190618216.001.0001

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Melodies of Speech

Melodies of Speech

Chapter:
(p.279) 13 Melodies of Speech
Source:
Time Will Tell
Author(s):

Mari Riess Jones

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190618216.003.0013

The focus in this chapter is on fast speech events. Specifically, it centers upon the melodies of speech created by vocal modulations of micro-driving rhythms associated with a speaker’s fundamental frequency. Briefly, it is about vocal intonation patterns in speech. Theoretically, it concentrates on a listener’s ability to engage pitch tracking (i.e., frequency following) to follow a speaker’s changing vocal pitch. To describe pitch tracking, pitch contrasts arising from vocal modulations are formalized using the important entrainment construct of a detuning curve. This methodology is described in detail. A derivative of this curve is the isolation of pitch accents as extreme pitch contrasts. The remainder of this chapter focuses on the role of pitch accents in outlining slower macro-rhythms of intonation that invite either traditional mode-locking (hence global attractors) or transient mode-locking (hence attractor profiles).

Keywords:   fundamental frequency, detuning curve, pitch tracking, pitch contrast, intonation curves

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