Against a historic background which features an early interest in isochrony in speech production or perception, some contemporary approaches to speech timing shifted to feature segmented durations, rather than rhythms, as the basis of speech timing. Recently, another turnabout revived heightening interest in speech rhythms. This is documented with research suggesting that listeners exhibit sensitivities not only to quasi-isochronous speech but also to relative timing reminiscent of metrical relationships. The latter is indicative of the traditional mode-locking entrainment protocol. This chapter traces this evolution. Also introduced are other dynamic attending constructs, such as transient mode-locking, that are proposed to operate while attending to speech timing. Finally, classic descriptions of sequential grouping tendencies (i.e., the Iambic/Trochaic law) are translated into entrainment rules for the formation of temporal groups.
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