This chapter has three major sections. The first section introduces musical scales together with psychological implications. The second section focuses on theory and research surrounding musical tonality. The third section presents issues surrounding the perception of melodic contours. A number of theories are explored, some including Gestalt concepts, as well as concepts based on dynamic attending theory (DAT). The latter theory is shown to address attending to both musical tonality and contour. In general, percepts of tonal melodies lend themselves to DAT interpretations based on attractor profiles, whereas melodic contour perceptions can be explained in terms of exogenous entrainment to a changing frequency.
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