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Democrat and DiplomatThe Life of William E. Dodd$

Robert Dallek

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199946938

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199946938.001.0001

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(p.292) Bibliographical Note

(p.292) Bibliographical Note

Democrat and Diplomat
Oxford University Press

Bibliography references:

Any study of William E. Dodd must begin with the more than twenty thousand items in his collection of papers at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. These include letters, diaries, and typescript copies of his writings from the turn of the century to his death in 1940. While there are some items from the 1890s, manuscripts relating to his earliest years are almost nonexistent. In addition to this principal collection of Dodd papers, there is a small body of his manuscripts at the Randolph-Macon College Library in Ashland, Virginia. For the most part, though, these are copies of letters in the Library of Congress collection. The most significant item in the Randolph-Macon holdings is “Professor Dodd’s Diary, 1916–1920,” which has been reproduced with only limited omissions by W. Alexander Mabry in The John P. Branch Historical Papers of Randolph-Macon College, New Series, II (March 1953). There is also a very small collection of Dodd letters in the Southern Historical Collection in the University of North Carolina Library at Chapel Hill. Again, though, these are chiefly items found in the principal collection.

There are a number of other manuscript collections which greatly help to fill out a study of Dodd. For his earliest years as a historian and reformer, these are the William J. Peele MSS in the Southern Historical Collection of the University of North Carolina Library; the William K. Boyd and the William Henry Glasson MSS in the Duke University Library at Durham, N.C.; the Charles Francis Adams, Jr., MSS in the Massachusetts Historical Society in Boston; the Andrew Jackson Montague MSS in the Virginia State Library, Richmond; the Andrew C. McLaughlin MSS, the Department of History MSS, and the General Administrative Files of the University of Chicago in the University of Chicago Library; the (p.293) Frederic Bancroft MSS in the Columbia University Library, New York City; the Frederick Jackson Turner MSS in the Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif.; and the Ray Stannard Baker MSS in the Library of Congress.

For the period 1913–1932 a number of the collections mentioned above were useful as well as the following: the Claude Kitchin MSS in the University of North Carolina Library; the Oswald Garrison Villard MSS in the Harvard University Library, Cambridge, Mass.; the Edward M. House MSS in the Yale University Library, New Haven, Conn.; the Josephus Daniels MSS, the Newton Baker MSS, the Woodrow Wilson MSS, and the William G. McAdoo MSS in the Library of Congress; the Sidney E. Mezes MSS in the Columbia University Library; the Inquiry Document #135 which is part of the Record Group #256 in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.; the Salomon O. Levinson MSS and the Frank O. Lowden MSS in the University of Chicago Library.

For the last eight years of Dodd’s life, the following, again in addition to several manuscripts already mentioned, proved to be of value: the Democratic National Committee MSS for Virginia and Illinois, 1932, the R. Walton Moore and the Franklin D. Roosevelt MSS in the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, New York; the Jay Pierrepont Moffat and the William Phillips MSS in the Harvard Library; the Cordell Hull, the Wilbur J. Carr, and the Raymond Clapper MSS in the Library of Congress; the George S. Messersmith MSS in the University of Delaware Library, Newark, Del.; and the Department of State MSS relating to Dodd and Germany, 1933–38, in the National Archives.

This study of Dodd’s life required much reading in a variety of books, articles, memoirs, and printed documents, all of which are cited in the footnotes and will not be repeated here. Of these, however, a small number were primarily or substantially about Dodd: Wendell Holmes Stephenson, “A Half Century of Southern Historical Scholarship,” Journal of Southern History, XI (February 1945), pp. 3–32, and The South Lives in History (Baton Rouge, 1955) are fine general discussions of Dodd’s career as a historian, though they fail to distinguish between Dodd’s contribution to southern history and his shortcomings as a progressive writer. Lowry Price Ware, “The Academic Career of William E. Dodd” (unpubl. Ph.D. diss., Dept. of History, University of South Carolina, 1956), contains some useful information, especially about the early years. Jack K. Williams, “A Bibliography of the Printed Writings of William E. Dodd,” North Carolina Historical Review, xxx (January 1953), pp. 72–85, was helpful. The recollections of Dodd by Avery Craven (“As Teacher”), Charles Merriam (“As Statesman”), and Marcus Jernegan (“As Historian”) in the University of Chicago Magazine (May 1940), pp. 7–10, 27, were useful, especially the piece by Craven.

The one widely read work on Dodd’s ambassadorial career is Franklin L. Ford, “Three Observers in Berlin: Rumbold, Dodd, and François Poncet,” in Gordon Craig and Felix Gilbert (eds.), The Diplomats, 1919–1939 (Princeton, N.J., 1953). My evaluation of Dodd’s performance as an ambassador differs markedly from Mr. Ford’s. For a brief statement of my view, see Robert Dallek, “Beyond Tradition: The Diplomatic Careers of William E. Dodd and George S. Messersmith, 1933–1938,” The South Atlantic Quarterly, LXVI (Spring 1967), pp. 233–44. Charles Beard has written a sympathetic (p.294) appraisal of Dodd the man and the ambassador in the form of an introduction to Dodd’s diary: William E. Dodd, Jr., and Martha Dodd (eds.), Ambassador Dodd’s Diary, 1933–1938 (New York, 1941). Dodd’s ambassadorial career is also discussed at length in Martha Dodd, Through Embassy Eyes (New York, 1939).

While a great many newspapers, especially during and after his diplomatic career, carried stories about Dodd, the most useful were: The New York Times, Raleigh News and Observer, Richmond Times-Dispatch, Chicago Evening Post, and Chicago Tribune.

A number of Dodd’s friends, colleagues, and students have shared their recollections with me. All of these interviews and letters are cited in the narrative, especially in Chapter IX, and I will not repeat them here.

Dodd himself, of course, was a prolific writer. Most of his writings have been either discussed or noted in the course of this study. With the exception of book reviews and encyclopedia articles, the following is a list of those which do not appear in the text or did not receive a full citation.

“The Principle of Instructing United States Senators,” The South Atlantic Quarterly, I (1902), 326–332.

“Some Blemishes of the Southern People,” Raleigh News and Observer, November 5, 1902.

“The South and Education,” Richmond Times-Dispatch, November 6, 1902.

“The Effect of the Adoption of the Constitution upon the Finances of Virginia,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, x (1903), 360–370.

“Carnegie Library in Richmond,” Richmond Times-Dispatch, April 20, 1906.

“The President’s Gridiron Speech,” Richmond Times-Dispatch, February 8, 1907.

“John Taylor of Caroline,” The Nation, XCII (1911), 316.

“The West and the War with Mexico,” Illinois State Historical Review, v (1911), 159–172.

“Greenback Finance,” The Public, XX (1917), 1220–1222.

“President Wilson and the World Peace,” The Nation, CVII (1918), 557–558.

“The Slavery Problem,” Source Problems in United States History, Andrew C. McLaughlin and others (New York, 1918), 369–437.

“Social Philosophy of the Old South,” American Journal of Sociology, XXIV (1918), 735–746.

“The Great Loyalty in America,” Historical Outlook, X (1919), 363–367.

“Roosevelt,” The Public, XXII (1919), 1140–1141.

“Nationalism in American History,” Texas History Teacher’s Bulletin, VIII (1920), 55–66.

“President Wilson, His Treaty and His Reward,” World’s Work, XXXIX (1920), 440–447.

“Responsibility of the Senate Majority,” New Republic, XXIII (1920), 58–59.

“Wilson and the American Tradition,” Pacific Review, I (1921), 576–581.

“The Dilemma of Democracy in the United States,” Virginia Quarterly Review, I (1925), 350–363.

“Andrew Jackson and His Enemies, and the Great Noise They Made in the World,” Century Magazine, CXI (1926), 734–745.

“The Declaration of Independence,” Virginia Quarterly Review, II (1926), 334–349.

“The Making of Andrew Jackson: All Things Worked Together for Good to Old Hickory,” Century Magazine, CXI (1926), 531–538. (p.295)

“Lincoln’s Last Struggle—Victory?,” Lincoln Centennial Association Papers, Springfield, Illinois, 1927, 49–98.

“Virginia Takes the Road to Revolution,” in The Spirit of ’76 and Other Essays, Carl Becker and others (Washington, 1927), 101–135.

The Growth of a Nation, with Eugene C. Barker and Walter P. Webb (New York, 1928).

“Our Ingrowing Habit of Lawlessness,” Century Magazine, CXVI (1928), 691–698.

“The Habit of Crime in the United States,” Rice Institute Pamphlet, XVI (1929), 143–151.

“Have the Scientists Done a Better Job?” Christian Century, XLVI (1929), 138–141.

The Story of Our Nation, with Eugene C. Barker and Walter P. Webb (New York, 1929).

“Woodrow Wilson—Ten Years After,” Contemporary Review, CXXXV (1929), 26–38.

“Tom Paine,” American Mercury, XXI (1930), 477–483.

“Basic Causes of the Great Depression,” University of Chicago Magazine, New Series, XXIV (1932), 353–355.

“Historical Appeal of the Democratic Party,” Chicago Daily News, February 12, 1932.

“Pseudo-Sovereignty as Depression’s Root,” Baltimore Sun, April 29, 1932.

“Something Less than a Revolution,” University of Chicago Magazine, New Series, XXIV (1932), 401–403.

“Tariff and Debt Policies and Problems,” Chicago Daily News, February 19, 1932.

“The Federal Constitution and Its Application, 1789 to 1933,” Bulletin, College of William and Mary, XXVII (1933), 69 pp.

Our Nation Begins, with Eugene C. Barker and Walter P. Webb (New York, 1933).

Our Nation Grows Up, with Eugene C. Barker and Walter P. Webb (New York, 1933).

Our Nation’s Development, with Eugene C. Barker and Henry S. Commager (New York, 1934).

“Abraham Lincoln and His Problem, 1861,” Research and Progress, I (1935), 106–110.

“Lincoln’s Dilemma,” in If Lincoln Had Lived, M. L. Raney and others (Chicago, 1935), 43–58.

“Dilemma of Modern Civilization,” in Neutrality and Collective Security, ed. Quincy Wright (Chicago, 1936), 93–106.

“Woodrow Wilson, 1918–1920, and the World Situation, 1938.” A Pamphlet of the Democratic Women’s Luncheon Club of Philadelphia, 1938, 28 pp.

Larson, Erik. In the Garden of Beasts: Love, Terror, and an American Family in Hitler’s Berlin (New York, Random House, 2011).

Allen Weinstein, and Alexander Vassiliev. The Haunted Wood (New York, Modern Library, 1999), p. 62. (p.296)