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Redemption SongsSuing for Freedom before Dred Scott$

Lea VanderVelde

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199927296

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199927296.001.0001

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(p.265) Bibliography

(p.265) Bibliography

Source:
Redemption Songs
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Abbreviations

Every County Circuit Court had a Circuit record book. CCRB refers to the St. Louis Circuit Court record book unless it is identified with another county, such as the Jo Daviess CCRB or St. Clair CCRB, for the Circuit Court Record Books of Jo Daviess County and St. Clair County respectively.

CCRB = St. Louis Circuit Court Record Book.

CC case files = St. Louis Circuit Court case file number. Office of the City Clerk, City of St. Louis, Missouri.

U.S. Statutes

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 (Missouri Enabling Acts), ch. 22, 3 Stat. 545 (March 6, 1820), U.S. Code.

The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 (passed July 13, 1787), U.S. Code.

State Statutes

Illinois

The Act of 1819, Illinois code, Sections 1-25, Act approved March 30, 1819 (popularly known as An Act Respecting Free Negroes, Mulattoes, Servants, and Slaves, published in The Revised Laws of Illinois, Containing All of a General and Public Nature Passed by the Eighth General Assembly, at Their Session Held at Vandalia, Commencing on the Third Day of December, 1832, and Ending on the Second Day of March, 1833, Vandalia: Greiner & Sherman, 1833, 457.

The Act of January 7, (1829), amending An Act Respecting Free Negroes, etc.

The Criminal Code, approved February 16, 1833. Published in The Revised Laws of Illinois…

An Act to prevent the Immigration of Free Negroes into this State (passed February 12, 1853), A Compilation of the Statutes of the State of Illinois, of a General Nature, in Force January 1, 1856, Collated with Reference to Decisions of the Supreme Court of Said State, and to Prior Laws Relating to the Same Subject Matter., Chicago: Keen & Lee, Booksellers, 1856, 780.

Missouri

Missouri Revised Statutes, Ch. 167, Art. II, 1845. “An Act to Enable Persons Held in Slavery, to Sue for Their Freedom” (June 27, 1807), Laws of a Public and General Nature of the District of Louisiana, of the Territory of Louisiana, of the Territory of Missouri, and of the State of Missouri up to the Year 1824, Vol. I. Jefferson City, MO: W. Lusk & Son, 1842, 96–97.

Freedom: An Act to Enable Persons Held in Slavery to Sue for Their Freedom. January 27, 1835.

(p.266) Slaves: An Act concerning Slaves. Approved March 19th, 1835.

Acts of a Public Nature. Abolition: An Act to Prohibit the Publication, Circulation or Promulgation of the Abolition Doctrines. Persons Circulating Abolition Doctrines, How Punished. Approved Feb. 1, 1837.

Slaves: An Act Amendatory of an Act, Entitled, “An Act to Enable Persons Held in Slavery to Sue for Their Freedom.” Approved Feb. 11, 1841.

Slaves: An Act Supplementary to an Act, Entitled “An Act concerning Slaves.” Approved Feb. 13, 1841.

An Act to Amend “An Act concerning Free Negroes and Mulattoes.” Approved March 26, 1845.

Negroes and Mulattoes. An Act Respecting Slaves, Free Negroes and Mulattoes. Approved Feb. 16, 1847.

Virginia

Virginia Act of Cession, March 1, 1784.

1795 Virginia Acts 16 (1795).

An Act to Amend an Act Entitled, “An Act to Reduce into One, the Several Acts concerning Slaves, Free Negroes, and Mulattos, and for Other Purposes.” Virginia Acts, Ch. 189, Dec. 25, 1795.

Archival Documents

U.S. Census Records. Census records, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, and 1860. A note on Census material for St. Louis, all the territorial censuses for the area have been lost. Missouri became a state in 1821, so the first U.S. census for the state did not occur until 1830.

Illinois Census Returns: 1810, 1818. Springfield, IL: Illinois State Historical Library, 1935.

The Territorial Papers of the United States, Vols. 2–17. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1934–1975.

Papers and Letters Collections

Bates Family Papers. AMC96-000082. Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Chouteau Family Papers. AMC93-000504. Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Drouin Collection. Early U.S. French Catholic Church Records, 1695–1954. Available at Ancestry.com.

English, William H. Collection, Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library.

http://bmrcsurvey.uchicago.edu/collections/1506.

Fur Trade Collection. AMC93-000758. Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Kennerly Family Papers. Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

John Askin Collection, Burton Library, University of Michigan.

Litigation Collection, 1773–1901 of the Missouri History Museum Archives.

Napton, William Barclay. William Barclay Napton Papers. AMC93–000025. Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Norris, Lyman Decatur. Letters, Norris Family Papers. Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

———. Notre Dame Archives Perpetual Calendar. http://archives.nd.edu/calendar/cal1834.htm.

Scott, Dred. Dred Scott Collection. Family Papers, AMC93-000616. Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Taliaferro, Lawrence. Lawrence Taliaferro Papers, 1813–1868. Minnesota Historical Society Manuscript Collection, St. Paul.

Taliaferro, Lawrence. Lawrence Taliaferro Journals. Minnesota Historical Society Manuscript Collection, St. Paul.

Wells, Judge. Letter from Judge Wells. June 6, 1862, Colby College, Waterville, ME.

U.S. Government Records (National Archives)

Arthur J. Stansbury. Report of the Trial of James H. Peck, Judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of Missouri, before the Senate of the United States on an Impeachment Preferred by the House of Representatives Against Him for High Misdemeanors in Office. Boston: Hilliard, Gray, 1833.

(p.267) St. Louis Court Records and Local Records.

Krum, John. The Revised Ordinances of the City of St. Louis. St. Louis: Chambers & Knapp, 1850.

———. The Revised Ordinances of the City of St. Louis. St. Louis, Chambers & Knapp, 1853.

Free Negro Bonds, Slavery Collection, Missouri Historical Society.

St. Louis Criminal Case Docket Files, on file with author.

Original Court Files, St. Louis

St. Louis Freedom Suits

1814, CC case no. 7: Tarleton, William, a black man v. Horine, Jacob.

1818, Oct., CC case no. 111: Jack, a free man v. Harris, Barnabas.

1818, CC case no. unavailable: Arch, a black man v. Harris, Barnabas.

1819, Aug., CC case no. 20: Milly, a free woman v. Rose, Mathias.

1820, Aug., CC case no. 70: Winny, a woman of color v. Donner, Samuel.

1821, April, CC case no. 181: Tempe, a black woman v. Price, Risdon H.

1821, April, CC case no. 182: Laban, a black man v. Price, Risdon H.

1821, April, CC case no. 190: Winny v. Whitesides, Phebe.

1821, April, CC case no. 191: Sarah, a free girl v. Hatton, Michael.

1821, April, CC case no. 192: Lydia, a free girl v. Butler, John.

1821, April, CC case no. 193: Nancy, a free girl v. Voteau, Isaac.

1821, April, CC case no. 194: Jenny, a free girl v. Musick, Robert.

1821, April, CC case no. 195: Jerry, a free man of color v. Hatton, Charles.

1821, April, CC case no. 196: Daniel, a free man v. Whitesides, John.

1821, April, CC case no. 197: Hannah, a free girl of color v. Whitesides, Phebe.

1821, April, CC case no. 198: Malinda, a free girl of color v. Whitesides, Phebe.

1821, April, CC case no. 199: Lewis, a free boy of color v. Whitesides.

1821, April, CC case no. 205: Marie, a free mulatto girl v. Chouteau, Auguste.

1822, Feb., CC case no. 12: Pelagie, a woman of color v. Valois, Francois.

1822, Feb., CC case no. 127: Susan, a black woman v. Hight, Henry.

1822, June, CC case no. 9: Pelagie, a person of color v. Cabanne, Jean P.

1822, Oct., CC case no. 39: Jeffrie, a mulatto boy v. Robidoux, Joseph.

1823, Oct., CC case no. 7: Malinda, a free person of color v. Wilburn, Robert.

1823, Oct., CC case no. 8: Nelly, a free person of color v. Wilburn, Robert.

1823, Oct., CC case no. 99: Fenwick, Lethe v. Abbot, Samuel.

1824, CC case no. unavailable: State of Missouri v. Young, James, a free man.

1825, July, CC case no. 11: Lorinda, a free girl of color v. Pettibone, Rufus; Hatton, Charles; Wingfield, Owen; Voteau, Isaac; Butler, John; Whitset; Sanford.

1825, July, CC case no. 12: Winny, a free woman of color v. Pettibone, Rufus; Hatton, Charles; Wingfield, Owen; Voteau, Isaac; Butler, John; Whitset; Sanford.

1825, July, CC case no. 13: Malinda, a free girl of color v. Pettibone, Rufus; Hatton, Charles; Wingfield, Owen; Voteau, Isaac; Butler, John; Whitset; Sanford.

1825, July, CC case no. 14: Harry, a free boy of color v. Pettibone, Rufus; Hatton, Charles; Wingfield, Owen; Voteau, Isaac; Butler, John; Whitset; Sanford.

1825, July, CC case no. 15: Jenny, a free woman of color v. Musick, Ephraim; Hatton, Charles; Wingfield, Owen; Voteau, Isaac; Butler, John; Whitset; Sanford.

1825, July, CC case no. 16: Winetta, a free girl of color v. Musick, Ephraim; Hatton, Charles; Wingfield, Owen; Voteau, Isaac; Butler, John; Whitset; Sanford.

1825, July, CC case no. 26: Marguerite, a free woman of color v. Chouteau, Pierre, Sr.

1825, CC case no. unavailable: Molly, a free woman of color v. Mulliken, Charles; Mulliken, John.

1826, March, CC case no. 21: Israel, a free man of color v. Rector, William.

1826, March, CC case no. 42: Dorinda, a woman of color v. Simonds, John, Jr.

1826, July, CC case no. 25: Jenny, a free girl v. Musick, Robert.

1826, July, CC case no. 26: Jerry, a free man v. Hatton, Charles.

(p.268)

1826, July, CC case no. 77: Hagan, Betsy v. Rocheblave, Philip.

1826, Nov., CC case no. 16: Jerry, a free man v. Hatton, Charles.

1826, Nov., CC case no. 17: Jenny, a free girl v. Musick, Robert.

1826, Nov., CC case no. 18: Merry, John, a free man of color v. Tiffin, Clayton; Menard, Louis.

1826, Nov., CC case no. 23: Jefferson, Joseph v. McCutchen, William; McKnight, James.

1826, CC case no. unavailable: State of Missouri v. Walker, John K. (jailor of St Louis); Chouteau, Pierre; Pratt, Bernard; Amelin, Alexis.

1827, March, CC case no. 29: LaGrange, Francois, a free man of color v. Pratte, Bernard; Chouteau, Pierre; Berthold, Bertholemew; Cabanne, Jean P.

1827, July, CC case no. 14: Milly, a free mulatto woman v. Smith, Stephen.

1827, July, CC case no. 15: Dick, Harry, a free negro man v. Smith, Stephen.

1827, July, CC case no. 16: William, a free negro boy v. Smith, Stephen.

1827, July, CC case no. 17: Shipman, David, a free mulatto boy v. Smith, Stephen.

1827, July, CC case no. 24: Aspasia, a woman of color v. Chouteau, Francois.

1827, Nov., CC case no. 6: Theotiste, a woman of color v. Chouteau, Pierre, Jr.

1827, Nov., CC case no. 7: Mary, a woman of color v. Menard, Francis; Landreville, Andre.

1827, Nov., CC case no. 13: Elizabeth, a free girl of color v. Menard, Francis; Landreville, Andre.

1827, Nov., CC case no. 14: Virginia, a free girl of color v. Menard, Francis; Landreville, Andre.

1827, Nov., CC case no. 15: Victoire, a free girl of color v. Menard, Francis; Landreville, Andre.

1827, Nov., CC case no. 23: Singleton, John, a free man of color v. Scott, Alexander; Lewis, Robert.

1827, Nov., CC case no. 26: Rector, Molly, a free woman of color v. Bivens, John.

1828, March, CC case no. 5: Aspasia, a free woman of color v. Chouteau, Francois; Menard, Pierre.

1828, March, CC case no. 12: Peter, a free man of color v. Walton, James.

1828, Jul., CC case no. 7: Dolly, a free woman of color v. Young, John.

1828, Jul., CC case no. 9: Suzette, a free woman of color v. Reynolds, John.

1828, Jul., CC case no. 10: Angelique, a free woman of color v. Reynolds, John.

1828, Jul., CC case no. 11: Edmund, a free boy of color v. Reynolds, John.

1828, Jul., CC case no. 12: John, a free boy of color v. Reynolds, John.

1828, Jul., CC case no. 64: Relfe, George, a man of color v. Ficklin, Thompson H.

1828, Nov., CC case no. 38: Matilda, a free girl of color v. Rocheblave, Philip; Rocheblave, Mary Louisa.

1829, March, CC case no. 21: Mary, a free woman of color v. Menard, Francis.

1829, March, CC case no. 22: Elizabeth, a free girl of color v. Menard, Francis.

1829, March, CC case no. 23: Virginia, a free girl of color v. Menard, Francis.

1829, March, CC case no. 24: Victoire, a free girl of color v. Menard, Francis.

1829, March, CC case no. 53: Simpson, Robert v. Strother, George F.

1829, July, CC case no. 14: Vincent, a free person of color v. Jerry, a free person of color.

1829, July, CC case no. 39: Milly, a woman of color v. Williams, Wiley.

1829, July, CC case no. 40: Peter, a man of color v. Walton, James.

1829, July, CC case no. 41: Jones, Nicholas, a free man of color v. Honey, John W.; Gray, John.

1829, Nov., CC case no. 10: Ewton, Carey, a free man of color v. Wilder, Benjamin.

1829, Nov., CC case no. 14: Whiten, Maria, a free woman of color v. Rucker, Garland.

1829, Nov., CC case no. 16: Henry, Patrick, a free boy of color v. Rucker, Garland.

1829, Nov., CC case no. 110: Vincent, a man of color v. Duncan, James.

1830, July, CC case no. 30: Henry, William, a black man v. Bates, David G.

1830, July, CC case no. 35: Ralph, a man of color v. Duncan, Coleman; Duncan, James.

1830, July, CC case no. 47: Joe, a black man v. Duncan, Coleman; Duncan, James.

1831, March, CC case no. 53: Cary, a man of color v. Wilder, Benjamin.

1831, March, CC case no. 58: Matilda, a woman of color v. St Vrain, Charles de.

1831, March, CC case no. 66: Julia, a woman of color v. McKenney, Samuel T.

1831, March, CC case no. 67: Peter, a man of color v. Walton, James.

1831, March, CC case no. 304: Jonathan & Gilbert, free men of color v. Duncan, Coleman; Tracy, Edward; Wahrendorff, Charles.

1831, July, CC case no. 2: Richards, Nelly, a woman of color v. Sewel, William.

(p.269)

1831, July, CC case no. 3: Jack, a man of color v. Collins, Charles.

1831, July, CC case no. 12: Dunky, a colored woman v. Hay, Andrew.

1831, July, CC case no. 13: Mariquette v. McKenney, Samuel T.

1831, July, CC case no. 22: Jane, woman of color v. Dallam, William.

1831, Nov., CC case no. 4: Margaret, a girl of color v. Dallam, William.

1831, Nov., CC case no. 7: Sally, a girl of color v. Dallam, William.

1831, Nov., CC case no. 8: Henry, a boy of color v. Dallam, William.

1831, Nov., CC case no. 12: Anna, a woman of color v. Higginbotham, Thomas.

1831, Nov., CC case no. 75: Louisa, a girl of color v. Calvert, Sandford.

1832, March, CC case no. 1: Washington, Tenor, a woman of color v. Scott, Henry; Scott, John; Johnson, Jeremiah.

1832, March, CC case no. 6: John, a boy of color v. Campbell, William.

1832, March, CC case no. 9: Thenia, a woman of color v. Crowder, Green.

1832, March, CC case no. 10: Charlotte, a colored girl v. Crowder, Green.

1832, March, CC case no. 19: Vina, a woman of color v. Mitchell, Martin.

1832, March, CC case no. 29: Duncan, Coleman v. Duncan, Jonathan.

1832, July, CC case no. 47: Matilda, a woman of color v. Mitchell, Elijah.

1832, July, CC case no. 48: Anson, a boy of color v. Mitchell, Elijah.

1832, July, CC case no. 48: Michael, a boy of color v. Mitchell, Elijah.

1832, July, CC case no. 49: Sam, a person of color v. Field, Alexander P; Mitchell, Elijah.

1832, July, CC case no. 50: Nathan, a person of color v. Field, Alexander P.; Mitchell, Elijah.

1832, July, CC case no. 51: Mary Ann, a person of color v. Field, Alexander P.; Mitchell, Elijah.

1832, July, CC case no. 55: Matilda, a woman of color v. Mitchell, Henry G.; Russell, Henry.

1832, July, CC case no. 56: Michael, a boy of color v. Mitchell, Henry; Russell, Henry.

1832, July, CC case no. 57: Anson, a boy of color v. Mitchell, Henry; Russell, Henry.

1832, Nov., CC case no. 6: Mahala, a free woman of color v. Mitchell, Martin.

1832, Nov., CC case no. 7: Susan, a girl of color v. Parker, Lemon.

1832, Nov., CC case no. 18: Washington, Tenor, a woman of color v. Scott, Henry; Emerson, John.

1832, Nov., CC case no. 27: Barton, Jack, a man of color v. Glasgow, William; Glasgow, Ross.

1832, Nov., CC case no. 68: Leah, a woman of color v. Mitchell, Arthur.

1833, March, CC case no. 5: Susan, a woman of color v. Parker, Lemon.

1833, July, CC case no. 9: Sarah, a girl of color v. Johnson, Thomas; Johnson, Janus.

1833, July, CC case no. 17: Harriet, an infant v. McKenney, Samuel T.; Walker, William; James, Thomas D.

1833, July, CC case no. 28: Milly, a woman of color v. Williams, Wiley.

1833, July, CC case no. 54: Harriet v. McKenney, Samuel T.

1833, July, CC case no. 99: Ralph, a free man of color v. Duncan, Robert; Duncan, James.

1833, July, CC case no. 102: Wilkinson, James, a man of color v. Young, Aaron.

1833, Nov., CC case no. 34: Mary, a woman of color v. Menard, Francis; Busby, Daniel.

1833, Nov., CC case no. 49: Vincent, Adolphe, a boy of color v. Leduc, Marie P.

1833, Nov., CC case no. 50: Vincent, Marcelline v. Leduc, Marie P.

1833, Nov., CC case no. 52: Vincent, Louise, a woman of color v. Leduc, Marie P.

1834, July, CC case no. 19: Henry, a man of color v. Morrisson, William; Swan, John C.

1834, July, CC case no. 20: Reuben, a man of color v. Morrisson, William; Swan, John C.

1834, July, CC case no. 104: Kerr, Nelson, a free man of color v. Kerr, Mathew.

1834, July, CC case no. 114: Dutton, Andrew, a free boy of color v. Paca, John.

1834, July, CC case no. 115: Dutton, Abraham, a free boy of color v. Paca, John.

1834, July, CC case no. 116: Dutton, Lemmon, a free girl of color v. Paca, John.

1834, Nov., CC case no. 46: Mary Ann, an infant of color v. Duncan, Robert.

1834, Nov., CC case no. 82: Rachel, a woman of color v. Walker, William.

1834, Nov., CC case no. 83: Henry, James, a boy of color v. Walker, William.

1835, March, CC case no. 11: Judy (also known as Julia Logan) v. Meachum, John Berry.

1835, March, CC case no. 43: Hetty, a woman of color v. Magenis, Arthur L.

1835, March, CC case no. 67: Ligon, Nancy, a woman of color v. Ligon, Daniel; Myers, William. (p.270)

1835, July, CC case no. 7: Lewis, a man of color v. Newton, James; Cooper, Jacob.

1835, July, CC case no. 10: Wilson, Daniel, a man of color v. Melvin, Edmund.

1835, July, CC case no. 12: Melvin, Sally, a woman of color v. Cohen, Robert.

1835, July, CC case no. 13: Wilson, Daniel v. Cohen, Robert.

1835, July, CC case no. 35: Tyler, Eliza, a woman of color v. Campbell, Nelson.

1835, July, CC case no. 48: Farnham, Mary v. Walker, Samuel D.

1835, July, CC case no. 66: Johnson, Mary (also known as Bevinue) v. Menard, Michael.

1835, July, CC case no. 67: Allard, Paul Auguste, an infant of color v. Allard, Bazil Auguste; Rutgers, Arend.

1835, July, CC case no. 96: Steel, Mary Ann v. Skinner, Curtis.

1835, July, CC case no. 97: Steel, Mary Ann v. Walker, William.

1835, July, CC case no. 101: Sally, a person of color v. Chouteau, Henry.

1835, Nov., CC case no. 3: Agnis (also known as Agathe), a woman of color v. Menard, Pierre.

1835, Nov., CC case no. 11: Edwards, Michael, a colored lad v. Birdsong, J. J.

1835, Nov., CC case no. 22: LaCourse, Josephine, an infant of color v. Mitchell, George.

1835, Nov., CC case no. 63: Milly, a woman of color v. Duncan, James.

1836, March, CC case no. 10: Courtney, a woman of color v. Rayburn, Samuel.

1836, March, CC case no. 50: Ben, a man of color v. White, Thomas J.; Woods, William L.

1836, July, CC case no. 22: Logan, Green Berry, an infant of color v. Meachum, John Berry, a free man of color.

1836, July, CC case no. 141: Julia (also known as Mary Ann), an infant of color v. Duncan, Robert; Adams, Sally.

1836, Nov., CC case no. 4: Delph (also known as Delphy), a mulatress v. Dorris, Stephen.

1836, Nov., CC case no. 51: Phillis, a free woman of color v. Herring, Redding B.

1837, March, CC case no. 39: Aspasia, a woman of color v. Rosati, Joseph.

1837, March, CC case no. 40: Judy, a woman of color v. Meachum, John Berry.

1837, March, CC case no. 41: Celeste, a woman of color v. Papin, Laforce.

1837, March, CC case no. 42: Celestine, a woman of color v. Papin, Laforce.

1837, March, CC case no. 43: Andrew, a boy of color v. Sarpy, John B.

1837, July, CC case no. 132: Stubbs, Lewis v. Burd, William.

1837, July, CC case no. 133: Stubbs, William v. Burd, William.

1837, July, CC case no. 263: Aspasia, a woman of color v. Lane, Hardage.

1837, Nov., CC case no. 38: Jack, a man of color v. Link, Absalom.

1837, Nov., CC case no. 169: James alias Haskins, James v. Haskins, Charles.

1837, Nov., CC case no. 521: Stubbs, Nancy v. Burd, William.

1837, Nov., CC case no. 522: Stubbs, Robert v. Burd, William.

1837, Nov., CC case no. 523: Stubbs, Phebe v. Burd, William.

1838, July, CC case no. 237: Rebecca, a colored girl v. Black, James; Matlock, Louis.

1838, Nov., CC case no. 501: Stokes, Samuel, a man of color v. Finney, John; Finney, William.

1839, March, CC case no. 92: Talbot, James v. Benton, Delford; Musick, James C.; Musick, Prudence.

1839, March, CC case no. 515: Davis, Ann v. Symington, James F.

1839, July, CC case no. 116: Endicott, Charles v. Clapp, Benjamin.

1839, July, CC case no. 185: Lewis, a boy of color v. Stacker, John.

1839, July, CC case no. 335: Celeste, a woman of color v. Papin, Alexander.

1839, July, CC case no. 347: Aspasia (also known as Aspisa) v. Lane, Hardage.

1839, Nov., CC case no. 20: Andrew, a person of color v. Sarpy, Peter.

1839, Nov., CC case no. 167: Wash, Polly v. Magehan, Joseph M.

1839, Nov., CC case no. 219: Briscoe, Eliza v. Anderson, William.

1840, March, CC case no. 3: Seyton, a woman of color v. Littleton, William.

1840, July, CC case no. 203: Charles, a man of color v. Verhagen, Peter.

1840, July, CC case no. 254: Cephas, Diana, a woman of color v. Scott, James.

1840, July, CC case no. 361: Cephas, Josiah, a colored boy v. Scott, James; McConnell, Mary.

1840, Nov., CC case no. 40: Barnes, Brunetta, of color v. Meachum, John Berry. (p.271)

1840, Nov., CC case no. 41: Barnes, Archibald, of color v. Meachum, John Berry.

1840, Nov., CC case no. 120: Barnes, Archibald, of color v. Meachum, John Berry.

1840, Nov., CC case no. 121: Barnes, Brunetta, of color v. Meachum, John Berry.

1840, Nov., CC case no. 123: Barnes, Brunetta, of color v. Meachum, John Berry.

1840, Nov., CC case no. 192: Pierre, a mulatto v. Choteau, Therese Cerre.

1841, March, CC case no. 161: Tompson, Richard, a man of color v. Blount, James; Baker, Leakin.

1841, March, CC case no. 162: Talbot, James v. Benton, Delford; Musick, James C.; Musick, Prudence.

1841, March, CC case no. 305: Alsey, a woman of color v. Randolph, William.

1841, March, CC case no. 343: Charles, a man of color v. Christy, Belina.

1841, March, CC case no. 362: Scott, Louis, a man of color v. Burd, William.

1841, July, CC case no. 5: Cephas, Diana, a woman of color v. Scott, Leakin.

1841, July, CC case no. 119: Brown, Squire, a man of color v. Anderson, William C.

1841, Aug., CC case no. 75: Charles, a man of color v. Verhagen, Peter.

1841, Nov., CC case no. 30: Robertson, Mary, a person of color v. Watson, Ringrose D.

1841, Nov., CC case no. 32: Jonathan, a man of color v. Brotherton, Marshall; Danah, Joil; Willoughby, Aza.

1841, Nov., CC case no. 84: Peter, a man of color v. Richardson, John.

1841, Nov., CC case no. 674: Preston; Braxton; Mary; Nat; Beverly, et al v. Coons, George W., Administrator, et al.

1842, Feb., CC case no. 359: Charles, a man of color v. Christy, Belina.

1842, July, CC case no. 23: Mary, a woman of color v. Dougherty, James alias E. C.; Curle, Richmond.

1842, July, CC case no. 31: Vica, a woman of color v. Hobart, Samuel.

1842, July, CC case no. 32: Alonzo, Thadeus, a boy of color v. Sparr, John; Hobart, Samuel; Mellody, George.

1842, July, CC case no. 33: Gazen, Musa Ben Abel, a boy of color v. Sparr, John; Hobart, Samuel; Mellody, George.

1842, July, CC case no. 102: Jackson, Jinny, a woman of color v. Fraser, James O.

1842, July, CC case no. 103: Jackson, Henry, a person of color v. Fraser, James O.

1842, July, CC case no. 104: Ann Maria, a person of color v. Fraser, James O.

1842, July, CC case no. 105: Jackson, Sally (also known as Sarah), a person of color v. Fraser, James O.

1842, July, CC case no. 106: Jackson, Margarett, a person of color v. Fraser, James O.

1842, July, CC case no. 107: William Henry, a person of color v. Fraser, James O.

1842, July, CC case no. 108: Smith, a person of color v. Fraser, James O.

1842, Nov., CC case no. 125: Pierre, a mulatto v. Chouteau, Gabriel.

1843, March, CC case no. 14: Jefferson, Thomas, a man of color v. Hopkins, Milton W.

1843, March, CC case no. 24: Rebecca, a negro woman v. Black, James; Horine, Thomas; Melody, George.

1843, April, CC case no. 232: Brown, Squire, a man of color v. Anderson, Charles.

1843, Nov., CC case no. 13: Mary Charlotte, a woman of color v. Chouteau, Gabriel.

1843, Nov., CC case no. 20: Catharine, Felix; William; Minta, persons of color v. Hundley, Thomas; Pattison, D.; Russell, William.

1843, Nov., CC case no. 328: Brown, Squire, a person of color v. Anderson, C. R.; Morris, S.

1844, April, CC case no. 6: Samuel, a man of color v. Howdeshell, John.

1844, April, CC case no. 51: Chouteau, Louis, a man of color v. Chouteau, Gabriel.

1844, April, CC case no. 151: Paul, Michel v. Paul, Gabriel.

1844, April, CC case no. 340: Paschall, Adrian, a man of color v. Ulrici, Richard W.

1844, April, CC case no. 386: Speaks, Mary Ann v. Jameson, John M.

1844, April, CC case no. 390: Stewart, Anderson, a free man of color v. Jameson, John M.

1844, April, CC case no. 394: Ann, a woman of color v. Jameson, John M.

1844, Sept., CC case no. 219: Jefferson, Thomas, a man of color v. Hopkins, Milton W.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 8: James, a person of color v. Cordell, Hiram.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 9: Martha Ann, a person of color v. Cordell, Hiram.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 15: Celestine, a woman of color v. Dumont, Julia.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 16: Hannah, a woman of color v. Pitcher, John.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 18: Britton, Lucy Ann v. Mitchell, David D.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 28: Hannah, a woman of color v. Pitcher, John. (p.272)

1844, Nov., CC case no. 32: Jesse, a man of color v. Coons, George W., Administrator.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 34: Preston, a man of color v. Coons, George W., Administrator.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 35: Nat, a person of color v. Coons, George W., Administrator.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 39: Ann, a person of color v. Wilson, William; Jamison, John M.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 120: Smith, Cloe Ann, a woman of color v. Knox, Franklin.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 173: Brown, Jane (also known as Jinny), woman of color v. Sturges, Francis I.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 174: Moore, Amy v. Moore, Robert N.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 213: Speaks, Mary Ann v. Quissenbury, James; Jameson, John.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 229: Brown, Jim v. Head, William.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 230: Brown, Mary v. Head, William.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 231: Brown, Stephen v. Head, William.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 252: Drusella, Martha v. Curle, Richmond L.

1844, Nov., CC case no. 346: Mary, a negro woman v. Clemens, James, Jr.

1845, April, CC case no. 11: Robinson, Mary, a woman of color v. Watson, Ringrose D.; Corson, Amos.

1845, April, CC case no. 55: Hicks, Elsa, a mulatto girl v. Burrell, S; Mitchell, Louis.

1845, April, CC case no. 143: Paul, Michel v. Paul, Adolph, Administrator.

1845, April, CC case no. 187: Steele, Rachel, a colored woman v. Taylor, Thomas.

1845, April, CC case no. 395: Jesse, a man of color v. Coons, George W.

1845, Nov., CC case no. 24: Jefferson, Thomas, a man of color v. Colton, George A.; Moulton, Jonathan.

1845, Nov., CC case no. 81: Sarah, a colored woman v. Waddingham, William.

1845, Nov., CC case no. 162: McCray, Jane, a mulatto woman v. Hopkins, William R.; Miller, William; Oliver, Eliza, et al.

1845, Nov., CC case no. 220: Malinda, a woman of color v. Coons, George W., Administrator.

1846, April, CC case no. 20: Bascom, Caroline, a free mulatto woman v. Ferguson, John H.

1846, Nov., CC case no. 1: Scott, Dred, a man of color v. Emerson, Irene.

1846, Nov., CC case no. 2: Scott, Harriet, a woman of color v. Emerson, Irene.

1846, Nov., CC case no. 28: Thomas, Matilda, person of color v. Littleton, William.

1846, Nov., CC case no. 29: Littleton, Missouri v. Littleton, William.

1846, Nov., CC case no. 324: Gabriel, a man of color v. Christy, Andrew, Executor; Coons, Mary, Executrix.

1847, Nov., CC case no. 121: Hicks, Elsa, a mulatto girl v. McSherry, Patrick T.

1848, April, CC case no. 4: Nancy, a free woman of color v. Steen, Enoch.

1848, April, CC case no. 37: Cotton, Jane, a free person of color v. Little, James A.

1848, Nov., CC case no. 90: Scott, Thomas, a man of color v. Harrison, James.

1848, Nov., CC case no. 93: Taylor, Alfred, a free man of color v. Van Houten, Cornelius; Martin, Lewis; Conway, Samuel.

1848, Nov., CC case no. 255: Perryman, Peggy, a woman of color v. Philibert, Joseph.

1850, April, CC case no. 1: Curd, Patsy v. Barksdale, William H.

1850, April, CC case no. 17: Duty, Harry, of color v. Darby, John F.

1850, April, CC case no. 18: Duty, Ellen v. Darby, John F. Administrator.

1850, April, CC case no. 19: Duty, Nelly v. Darby, John F., Administrator.

1850, April, CC case no. 20: Duty, Jordan v. Darby, John F., Administrator.

1850, April, CC case no. 21: Duty, Preston v. Darby, John F., Administrator.

1850, April, CC case no. 22: Duty, Lucinda v. Darby, John F., Administrator.

1850, April, CC case no. 23: Duty, Caroline v. Darby, John F., Administrator.

1850, April, CC case no. 24: Duty, Mary v. Darby, John F., Administrator.

1850, April, CC case no. 37: McFoy, David v. Brown, William.

1851, April, CC case no. 2: Mary, of color & her children Samuel & Edward v. Calvert, Launcelot H.

1851, Nov., CC case no. 29: Samuel, infant of color v. Lynch, Bernard T.

1852, April, CC case no. 16: Gabriel, of color v. Wiles, Michael.

1852, April, CC case no. 22: Laura, a woman of color v. Belt, Henry.

1852, April, CC case no. unavailable: Lohre, Henry, of color Duty, v. Gayns.

1852, Nov., CC case no. 36: Johnson, George, a man of color v. Moore, Henry.

1852, Nov., CC case no. 281: Johnson, George, a man of color v. Bartlett, Reuben. (p.273)

1853, Nov., CC case no. 35: Kinney, Thornton, a man of color Hatcher, John F.; Bridges, Charles C.

1853, Nov., CC case no. 119: Williams, Hester; Williams, Ella; Williams, Priscilla v. McAfee, A. B.; Norcum, Frederick; Blakey, Glanville; Moore, William.

1854, April, CC case no. 107: Mount St. Mary’s College v. Jameson, Francis B; McCabe, Edmund.

1854, Nov., CC case no. 253: In the matter of Slaughter, Samuel, a negro.

1855, April, CC case no. 96: Mary, a woman of color v. Bellis, Samuel B.

1859, Sept., CC case no. 111: Clinton, Richard, a man of color v. Blackburn, John, Edward, Martha A., Charles A., and Rufus C; Edward Hall, Curator.

1860, Feb., CC case no. 12: Louisa Hart, v. Henry N., Administrator.

1860, Feb., CC case no. 456: Shaw, Isham v. Evans, Augustus H.

1860, Feb., CC case no. 457: Shaw, Julia v. Evans, Augustus H.

Other St. Louis Court Cases

VanBibber v. William Christy, CC case file no. 1670 (1818).

Samuel Danner v. Jenings Beckwith, CC case file no. 1446 (1818).

Jennings Beckwith v. Samuel Donner, aka Danner, CC case file no.5625 (1819).

Stephen Smith v. Nathan Dillon and John Summers, CC case file no. 13 (July 1827).

State v. Jacob Judy and Moses Whitesides, CC case file no. 1158 (1828).

Stephen Smith v. David Shipman, CC case file no. 285 (1829).

Robert Simpson, Sheriff v. Isaac A. Letcher, & James L. Lyle, CC case file no. 11 (1831).

Coleman Duncan (use of Gilbert) v. Jonathan Duncan, CC case file 7431 (1831).

State v. Barney Moore, Lewis Pilcher, Warren Adams & James Adams, CC case file 1159 (1828).

Coleman Duncan, v. Johnathan Duncan, CC case file no. 29 (1832).

Coleman Duncan v. Warrren Adams (June 1832).

Nelson Campbell v. Perry Burke, Hempstead, Beebe, Campbell, Morehouse, CC case file no. 6879 (1835).

Gustavus A. Bird v. Lydia Titus, CC case file no. 8170 (1833).

Lavinia Titus v. Jerry Duncan, CC case file no 8288 (1833).

St. Louis Probate Court Files. http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/mojudicial/stl_history.asp.

James Farrar v. John Finney; William Finney, CC case file no. 51 Chancery (1848).

Shadrick(sic) Duncan v. ChanceyLewis & Richmond J. Curle, CC case no. 52 (1852).

Other Indiana Court Cases

Peter McNelly v. Henry Vanderburgh, William H. English Collection of the University of Chicago Library.

The Case of Mary Clark, a Woman of Colour, 1 Blackf. 122, 125–26 (Ind. 1812).

Others Kentucky Court Cases

General Index to Civil Cases, Hopkins County book, A–K and L–Z, Hopkins County Courthouse.

John Duncan v. John Shields, (Mar. 1826), Hopkins County book, p. 1064.

Coleman Duncan v. Mayberry Wright, (June 1832), Hopkins County book, p. 1611.

Jesse Duncan, adm v. William Wilson (Mar. 1830), Hopkins County book, p. 1397.

James Duncan, admin v. William Wilson (Sept. 1830), Hopkins County book, p. 1590.

James Bishop v. Coleman Duncan (Mar. 1831), p. 1532.

Coleman Duncan v. James Bishop (Sept. 1831), p. 1562.

James Bishop v. James Duncan, et al., (May 1834) p. 1737.

James Bishop v. James Duncan, Hopkins County book, p. 1372. (Sept. 1829) Appealed, Bishop v. Duncan, 33 Ky. 15 (1835).

Missouri local records

Missouri Marriages online at Ancestry.com.

St. Louis Register of Deeds Volumes, St. Louis Registry of Deeds, St. Louis, Missouri.

Civil Divorce Proceedings of Sally Adams and Calvin Adams, Supreme Ct. of Missouri (1809).

Probate of Rufus Pettibone, St. Charles Probate Court Files (1825).

(p.274) Missouri Supreme Court Cases

Winny v. Whitesides, 1 Mo. 472 (1824).

Catiche v. The Circuit Court of St. Louis Cnty., 1 Mo. 608 (1826).

Merry v. Tiffin & Menard, 1 Mo. 725 (1827).

Tiffin & Menard v. Merry, 1 Mo. 780 (1827).

LaGrange v. Chouteau, 2 Mo. 20 (1828).

Milly v. Smith (I), 2 Mo. 36 (1828).

Marguerite v. Chouteau (I), 2 Mo. 71 (1828).

Theoteste v. Chouteau, 2 Mo. 144 (1829).

Milly v. Smith (II), 2 Mo. 171 (1829).

Vincent v. Duncan, 2 Mo. 214 (1830).

Jeffrie v. Robideaux, 3 Mo. 33 (1831).

Ralph v. Duncan (I), 3 Mo. 194 (1833).

McGirk v. Chauvin, 3 Mo. 236 (1833).

Chouteau v. Merry, 3 Mo. 254 (1833).

Julia v. McKinney, 3 Mo. 270 (1833).

(Ralph) Gordon v. Duncan (II), 3 Mo. 385 (1834).

Nat v. Ruddle, 3 Mo. 400 (1834).

Marguerite v. Chouteau (II), 3 Mo. 540 (1834).

Hay v. Dunky, 3 Mo. 588 (1834).

Rachael v. Walker, 4 Mo. 351 (1836).

Meechum v. Judy, alias Julia Logan, a woman of color, 4 Mo. 361 (1836).

Paca v. Dutton, 4 Mo. 371 (1836).

Wilson v. Melvin, 4 Mo. 592 (1837).

Randolph v. Alsey, 8 Mo. 656 (1844).

Chouteau v. Pierre, 9 Mo. 3 (1845).

Wash v. Randolph, 9 Mo. 142 (1845).

Nat v. G.W. Coons, 10 Mo. 543 (1847).

Charlotte v. Chouteau (I), 11 Mo. 193 (1847).

Harney, Adm’r of Duty v. Dutcher & Dutcher, 15 Mo. 89 (1851).

Scott v. Emerson, 15 Mo. 576 (1852).

Youse v. Norcum, 12 Mo. 549 (1853).

Norcum v. Gaty, 19 Mo. 65 (1855).

Norcum v. Sheahan, 21 Mo. 25 (1855).

Charlotte v. Chouteau (II), 21 Mo. 590 (1855).

Charlotte v. Chouteau (III), 25 Mo. 465 (1857).

Durham v. Durham, 26 Mo. 507 (1858).

Charlotte v. Chouteau (IV), 33 Mo. 194 (1862).

Harney v. Scott, 28 Mo. 333 (1859).

Joshua v. Purse, 34 Mo. 209 (1863).

Local Records

Circuit Court, St. Louis. St. Louis Circuit Court Clerk’s Record Book. In notes as CCRB.

Index to St. Louis Circuit Court Records, 1774–1835. (Produced by Michael Everman, St. Louis Local Records Project Director.)

Illinois Records

Local Records: Jo Daviess County

Jo Daviess Circuit Court Record Book, at Jo Daviess County Courthouse, In notes as Jo Daviess CCRB.

Raphael (a man of color) v. James Duncan, May 11, 1830, Galena, Jo Daviess County.

(p.275) Swansey v. James Duncan, May 11, 1830, Galena.

Gilbert v. James Duncan, May 11, 1830, Galena.

Joseph v. James Duncan, May 11, 1830, Galena.

The People vs. James Duncan, Jo Daviess County Circuit Court record book, p. 284, Nov. 13, 1830.

People v. Swansey man of color, Jo Daviess County, Illinois, court register, p. 368, date uncertain (between Aug 22, 1831, and Sept 3, 1831).

Local Records: Randolph County

Randolph County Court Files, Register of Deeds, Chester, Illinois

Robert Patton v. Jinsey Mitchell, Randolph County Court files, Register of Deeds, Chester, Illinois.

Local Records: St. Clair County

St. Clair County Court files, Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Springfield, Illinois

Bob & Lydia v. Jincey Mitchell, case no. 1754.

Lydia Titus and others v. William Degraffinreind, Daniel Winn, and Elisha Mitchell, case no. 3317.

Simon Vanowsdal v. Lydia Titus, case no. 3252 (March 1825).

Gilbert (Colored) v. Coleman Duncan et al., case no. 3534 (April 1831).

Joseph v. Coleman Duncan, case no. 3541 (April 1831).

Swansey (free negro) v. Coleman Duncan, et al., case no. 3547 (April 1831).

Ann (free negro) v. James Duncan, et al., case no. 3822 (Feb. 1836).

Milly (colored lady) v. James Duncan, et al., case no. 3837 (Feb. 1836).

Gustavus Bird v. Lydie Titus, case no. 7660 (Sept. 1834).

St. Clair County Probate Files, in Belleville, Illinois

Probate of Estate of Nathan Titus (1822).

Illinois State Archives

Illinois Servitude and Emancipation Records. http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/databases/servant.html.

Illinois Supreme Court Cases

Jarrot v. Jarrot, 2 Gilman 1 (Ill. 1845).

United States Supreme Court Cases

Johnson v. M’Intosh, 21 U.S. (8 Wheat.) 543 (1823).

Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393 (1856).

Other Court Cases

Somerset v. Stewart, 98 ER 499 (1772).

The Slave, Grace, 2 Hag Adm 94 (1827), 166 ER 179, 2 State Trials NS 273.

Miscellaneous Government Records

Revolutionary War Pension Files of Peter Mcanelly, Indiana Number 13923.

Revolutionary War Pension Files of David Shipman, NARA number 54–4891.

Articles and Books

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Alvord, Clarence Walworth. Kaskaskia Records, 1778–1790. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library, Vol. 5, Virginia Series, Vol. 2, 1909.

———, Cahokia Records, 1778–1790.

———, The Illinois Country, 1673–1818.

Arenson, Adam, The Great Heart of the Republic: St. Louis and the Cultural Civil War. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.

Aron, Stephen, American Confluence: The Missouri Frontier from Borderland to Border State. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.

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Baker, H. Robert. The Rescue of Joshua Glover: A Fugitive Slave, the Constitution, and the Coming of the Civil War. Athens, Ohio: Ohio Univ. Press, 2007.

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Banner, Stuart. Legal Systems in Conflict: Property and Sovereignty in Missouri, 1750–1860. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000.

Baudissen, Graf Adelbert. Der Ansiedler im Missouri-Staate. Iserlohn: Julius Baedeker, 1854.

Bay, W. V. N. Reminiscences of the Bench and Bar of Missouri. St. Louis: F. H. Thomas, 1878.

Beale, Howard K., ed. The Diary of Edward Bates 1859–1866. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1933.

Beckwith, Paul. Creoles of St. Louisy. St. Louis: Nixon-Jones Printing, 1893.

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Breese, Sidney, The Early History of Illinois; From Its Discovery by the French, in 1673, until Its Cession to Great Britain in 1763, including the Narrative. Chicago, IL: E. B. Myers & co., 1884.

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———. “A Revolution which Seeks to Abolish Law, Must End Necessarily in Despotism”: Louisa McCord and Antebellum Southern Legal Thought.” Cardozo Women’s Law Journal 5, no. 33 (1998). (p.277)

Brown, Margaret Kimball. History as They Lived It: A Social History of Prairie du Rocher, Ill. Toole, UT: Patrice Press, 2005.

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Browne, Martha Griffith. Autobiography of a Female Slave (New York: Redfield, 1857). Reprint, Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 1998.

Buchanan, Thomas C. Black Life on the Mississippi: Slaves, Free Blacks, and the Western Steamboat World. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Burke, Diane Mutt: On Slavery’s Border: Missouri’s Small-Slave holding Households, 1815–1865. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2010.

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Cashin, Joan. “Black Families in the Old Northwest.” Journal of the Early Republic 15 (1995): 449–475.

Catterall, Helen Tunnicliff. Judicial Cases concerning American Slavery and the Negro. New York: Octagon Books, 1968.

———. “Some Antecedents of the Dred Scott Case.” American Historical Review 30 (1924): 56–71.

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Christian, Shirley. Before Lewis and Clark: The Story of the Chouteaus, the French Dynasty that Ruled America’s Frontier. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2004.

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Cobb, Thomas R. R. An Inquiry into the Law of Negro Slavery in the United States of America (T. and J. W. Johnson, Negro Universities Press, 1858). Reprint, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1968.

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de la Fuente, Alejandro. “Slaves and the Creation of Legal Rights in Cuba: Coartación and Papel.” Hispanic American Historical Review 87, no. 4 (2007): 659–692.

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Dexter, Darrel. Bondage in Egypt: Slavery in Southern Illinois. Cape Girardeau, MO: Center for Regional History, Southeast Missouri State University, 2011.

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Dillon, John B. A History of Indiana, from Its Earliest Exploration by Europeans to the Close of the Territorial Government in 1816.… Indianapolis: Bingham & Doughty, 1859.

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Dunn, Jacob Piatt. Indiana: A Redemption from Slavery. Boston: Houghton Mifflin and Co., 1888.

———. Indiana and the Indianans: A History of Aboriginal and Territorial Indiana and the Century of Statehood. Chicago and New York: American Historical Society, 1919.

———. Slavery Petitions and Papers. Indianapolis: Bowen-Merrill, 1894.

Durst, Dennis L. “The Reverend John Berry Meachum (1789–1854) of St. Louis: Prophet and Entrepreneurial Black Educator in Historiographical Perspectivey.” The North Star: A Journal of African American Religious History 7, no. 2 (Spring 2004). https://www.princeton.edu/~jweisenf/northstar/volume7/durst.html.

Early, Sarah J. W. Life and Labors of Rev. Jordan W. Early, One of the Pioneers of African Methodism in the West and South. Nashville: Publishing House of the A.M.E. Church Sunday School Union, 1894.

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Newspapers

Debow’s Review, Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial Progress and Resources.

Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper 4, no. 82 (June 27, 1857).

Missouri Republican, 1838–1856.

Northwestern Gazette and Galena Advertiser San Jose Telegraph, 1857.

Conversations

E-mail correspondence between Lea VanderVelde, University of Iowa law librarian John Bergstrom, and the Indiana Supreme Court and the Indiana State Historical Society (2012).

Correspondence between Lea VanderVelde and William Foley about records in the cases of the Scypion family.

Web Sources and Resources

Ancestry.com

Revised Dred Scott Case Collection, http://digital.wustl.edu/d/dre/.

Illinois Secretary of State for Illinois State Archives, http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/databases/servant.html.

U.S. Government Bureau of Land Management General Land Office Records, www.glorecords.blm.gov/.

Mason County, Kentucky Marriage Records, 1804–60 Vol. II-VI. Ancestry.com

Missouri Supreme Court database, Missouri State Archives, http://www.sos.mo.go/archives/judiciary/supremecourt.

Digital Library on American Slavery, library.uncg.edu/slavery/.

Wabash Valley Visions & Voices: Digital Memory Project, http://visions.indstate.edu.

St. Louis Legal Encoding Project, digital.wustl.edu/legalencodingproject/.

St. Louis Probate Court Digitization Project, 1802–1900, www.mo.gov/archives/mojudicial/stl_history.asp.

Special Collections of Private Individuals

Robert Hansen and Alfred Mueller, Galena Lead Mining Permits, Galena Public Library.

Vital Statistics from Galena newspapers.

1826 Tax List for Jo Daviess County.

St. Louis Manumission List prepared by Robert Moore, U.S. Park Service for the Old Courthouse, St. Louis.

(p.287) City Directories for St. Louis

1836–1837, 1838–1839

Keemles 1842, 1845, 1847, 1848, 1851, 1852 1854–1855

St. Louis Directory of Citizens and a Business Directory 1857, 1858, 1859 1860

Kennedy’s 1864

Edwards 1865, 1866, 1867, 1870, 1871, 1872

Gould & Aldrich’s 1873

Gould’s 1875, 1876 (p.288)