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Humanitarian Law in Action within Africa$
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Jennifer Moore

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199856961

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199856961.001.0001

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Humanitarian Law

Humanitarian Law

The Law of Armed Conflict

(p.45) Chapter 2 Humanitarian Law
Humanitarian Law in Action within Africa

Jennifer Moore

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the tenets of international humanitarian law, also known as the law of armed conflict, with particular emphasis on the customary norms of humanity, distinction, necessity, and proportionality. It begins with an overview of the morality of war and the law of war, followed by a discussion of international rules regarding the use of force. It then turns to the nuances of international humanitarian law, taking into consideration the four foundational principles of customary humanitarian law and the role of the International Committee of the Red Cross as champion and drafter of humanitarian law. It also examines the more technical provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the two 1977 Protocols, especially their humanitarian protections designed to limit the methods of armed conflict. The chapter concludes by assessing the implementation of humanitarian law in Africa.

Keywords:   international humanitarian law, armed conflict, humanity, necessity, proportionality, morality of war, law of war, use of force, Geneva Conventions, Africa

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