The Law of Armed Conflict
This chapter focuses on the tenets of international humanitarian law, also known as the law of armed conflict, with particular emphasis on the customary norms of humanity, distinction, necessity, and proportionality. It begins with an overview of the morality of war and the law of war, followed by a discussion of international rules regarding the use of force. It then turns to the nuances of international humanitarian law, taking into consideration the four foundational principles of customary humanitarian law and the role of the International Committee of the Red Cross as champion and drafter of humanitarian law. It also examines the more technical provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the two 1977 Protocols, especially their humanitarian protections designed to limit the methods of armed conflict. The chapter concludes by assessing the implementation of humanitarian law in Africa.
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