- Title Pages
- Introduction to the Book
- 1 Speaking and Writing as They are Used
- 2 What’s Good about Writing
- 3 Speaking as a Process
- 4 Speech as a Product
- 5 Intonation
- 6 Can We Really Have the Best of Both Worlds?
- 7 What Is Speaking onto the Page and How Does Freewriting Teach It?
- 8 Where Else Do We See Unplanned Speaking onto the Page?
- 9 Considering Objections to Speaking onto the Page
- 10 The Need for Care
- 11 Revising by Reading Aloud
- 12 How Does Revising by Reading Aloud Actually Work?
- 13 Punctuation
- 14 Good Enough Punctuation by Careful Reading Aloud and Listening
- 15 How Speech Can Improve the Organization of Writing
- 16 Summary Chapter
- 17 How Our Culture of Proper Literacy Tries to Exclude Speech
- 18 A New Culture of Vernacular Literacy on the Horizon
- Appendix I How Freewriting Went from Dangerous to No Big Deal in the Composition and Rhetoric Community
- Appendix II A Sampling of Published Writing in Non-Mainstream Varieties of English
- Also by Peter Elbow
- Works Cited
A Virtue for Writing at the Root of Everyday Speech
- (p.104) 5 Intonation
- Vernacular Eloquence
- Oxford University Press
This chapter focuses on intonation as a virtue in speech that can be exploited to improve writing. It considers how intonation relates to meaning in grammar, syntax, semantics, and connotation. It also discusses the connection between intonation and voice, intonation units and their importance for writing, why the syntactic glue is so strong between words inside intonational phrases, and the notion of spontaneous syntax. Finally, it explains how Latin was standardized and came to be a written language on the initiative of Charlemagne and the monk Alcuin.
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