- Title Pages
- Introduction to the Book
- 1 Speaking and Writing as They are Used
- 2 What’s Good about Writing
- 3 Speaking as a Process
- 4 Speech as a Product
- 5 Intonation
- 6 Can We Really Have the Best of Both Worlds?
- 7 What Is Speaking onto the Page and How Does Freewriting Teach It?
- 8 Where Else Do We See Unplanned Speaking onto the Page?
- 9 Considering Objections to Speaking onto the Page
- 10 The Need for Care
- 11 Revising by Reading Aloud
- 12 How Does Revising by Reading Aloud Actually Work?
- 13 Punctuation
- 14 Good Enough Punctuation by Careful Reading Aloud and Listening
- 15 How Speech Can Improve the Organization of Writing
- 16 Summary Chapter
- 17 How Our Culture of Proper Literacy Tries to Exclude Speech
- 18 A New Culture of Vernacular Literacy on the Horizon
- Appendix I How Freewriting Went from Dangerous to No Big Deal in the Composition and Rhetoric Community
- Appendix II A Sampling of Published Writing in Non-Mainstream Varieties of English
- Also by Peter Elbow
- Works Cited
Speech as a Product
Speech as a Product
Nine Virtues in Careless Unplanned Spoken Language that Can Significantly Improve Careful Writing
- (p.77) 4 Speech as a Product
- Vernacular Eloquence
- Oxford University Press
This chapter discusses nine virtues associated with careless unplanned spoken language that can be exploited to improve careful writing: spoken language tends to connect better with the audience; speaking promotes flexible syntax; unplanned spoken language is more simple with nominalization; speaking promotes right-branching syntax, which is easier to process; unplanned spoken language tends toward parataxis rather than hypotaxis; unplanned spoken language is good for pith, gists, and nutshells; spoken language is more coherent than written language; spoken language is more coherent than written language in a different and surprisingly obvious way; and spoken language can represent the world as process. The complementarity of speech and writing is also explored, together with the history of how we got spaces between our written words.
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