- Title Pages
- Introduction to the Book
- 1 Speaking and Writing as They are Used
- 2 What’s Good about Writing
- 3 Speaking as a Process
- 4 Speech as a Product
- 5 Intonation
- 6 Can We Really Have the Best of Both Worlds?
- 7 What Is Speaking onto the Page and How Does Freewriting Teach It?
- 8 Where Else Do We See Unplanned Speaking onto the Page?
- 9 Considering Objections to Speaking onto the Page
- 10 The Need for Care
- 11 Revising by Reading Aloud
- 12 How Does Revising by Reading Aloud Actually Work?
- 13 Punctuation
- 14 Good Enough Punctuation by Careful Reading Aloud and Listening
- 15 How Speech Can Improve the Organization of Writing
- 16 Summary Chapter
- 17 How Our Culture of Proper Literacy Tries to Exclude Speech
- 18 A New Culture of Vernacular Literacy on the Horizon
- Appendix I How Freewriting Went from Dangerous to No Big Deal in the Composition and Rhetoric Community
- Appendix II A Sampling of Published Writing in Non-Mainstream Varieties of English
- Also by Peter Elbow
- Works Cited
What Is Standard English?
- Vernacular Eloquence
- Oxford University Press
This section explores the late stage of revising, with emphasis on writing as speaking. It first explains what is meant by “Standard English” (standard written English and standard spoken English) before turning to a discussion of why reading aloud is important for late revision and some of the issues that arise when using the tongue for revising. It also considers how the careful reading aloud process can be beneficial to late drafts.
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