- Title Pages
- Introduction to the Book
- 1 Speaking and Writing as They are Used
- 2 What’s Good about Writing
- 3 Speaking as a Process
- 4 Speech as a Product
- 5 Intonation
- 6 Can We Really Have the Best of Both Worlds?
- 7 What Is Speaking onto the Page and How Does Freewriting Teach It?
- 8 Where Else Do We See Unplanned Speaking onto the Page?
- 9 Considering Objections to Speaking onto the Page
- 10 The Need for Care
- 11 Revising by Reading Aloud
- 12 How Does Revising by Reading Aloud Actually Work?
- 13 Punctuation
- 14 Good Enough Punctuation by Careful Reading Aloud and Listening
- 15 How Speech Can Improve the Organization of Writing
- 16 Summary Chapter
- 17 How Our Culture of Proper Literacy Tries to Exclude Speech
- 18 A New Culture of Vernacular Literacy on the Horizon
- Appendix I How Freewriting Went from Dangerous to No Big Deal in the Composition and Rhetoric Community
- Appendix II A Sampling of Published Writing in Non-Mainstream Varieties of English
- Also by Peter Elbow
- Works Cited
The Benefits of Speaking onto the Page and Reading Aloud
- (p.317) 16 Summary Chapter
- Vernacular Eloquence
- Oxford University Press
This chapter discusses the benefits of speaking onto the page and reading aloud to three particular groups: newcomers to literacy; fairly competent writers who speak mainstream English; and those who speak non-sanctioned, non-standardized, or stigmatized versions of English. It also considers writing as the doorway to literacy and the objection that vernacular speech and expository writing are not only different languages or dialects but are also different ways of using the mind. Finally, it tells the story of how Chairman Mao Zedong of China tried to increase literacy in his country.
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